Organ Transplants

Are organs made in labs a good alternative to donated organs

Schema/Backround

Scientists have been discovering many different technologies on how to replace organ donations. They have come up with the idea of growing organs in a lab and had the fairly new idea of trying to print 3D organs. So far they have not printed any real life organs from a 3D printer. They have successfully made lungs, kidneys, livers, hearts, intestines, and mini brains with no thought process. They have also developed the idea of editing a pig so that we can use their organs for transplants. The transplants that they have completed so far are successful.

Pros

  • Virtually every single type of organ can be made except the brain (which can be made into a mini brain)
  • The newly made organ isn't attacked by the immune system because it came from the owners cell
  • The cells of the organ take only 3-5 weeks to grow and the organ itself a short period after that
  • The new organs don't cost as much as regular organs which can cost up to 1,200,000 $ for a lung or heart transplant
  • The new organs work the same or more effectively than the original organ

Cons

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Graph

This is NOT the cost for lab grown organs or regenerative medicine this is what a normal organ cost after donation

Cons

  • Since all of the organs would have to be grown people would have to order organs in advance and this could be bad for patients that need an organ immediately.
  • The cost to make an organ isn't relatively not that expensive but starting a lab that can make organs can cost millions of dollars
  • Still not a lot of research on what will happen after the treatment is done
  • If there is a hidden disease in the base tissue and is then made into an organ it could effect the whole body

Conclusion

In conclusion I think that organs grown in labs, or regenerative medicine is a viable alternative to organ donations. This is because first all organs made in labs are as effective to more effective than the original organ. Second all organs grown in a lab don't attack the get rejected by the body this is because they are grown from the patients original cells. These new organs don't take that long to grow and to make them isn't as expensive as getting a donated organ.

Bibliography

"Lab Grown Organs No Longer Science Fiction." NBC News. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Dec. 2015. <http://www.nbcnews.com/id/12136506/ns/health-health_care/t/lab-grown-organs-are-science-fiction-no-longer/>.

Nelson, Timothy J., et al. "Stem Cells Could Solve the Organ Donation Problem." Organ Donation. Ed. Laura Egendorf. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2013. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. from "Regenerative Medicine." Minnesota Medicine (May 2011). Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 8 Dec. 2015.

"The next Frontier in 3-D Printing: Human Organs - CNN.com." CNN. Cable News Network, n.d. Web. 9 Dec. 2015. <http://www.cnn.com/2014/04/03/tech/innovation/3-d-printing-human-organs/>.

"Organ Transplantation." Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection. Detroit: Gale, 2015. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 8 Dec. 2015.

"Scientist: We've Grown a Nearly Full Human 'mini Brain' - CNN.com." CNN. Cable News Network, n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2015. <http://www.cnn.com/2015/10/06/health/pioneers-brain-organoids/>.

"Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine." NIH. National Institute of Bio Medical Imaging and Bio Engineering, n.d. Web. 8 Dec. 2015. <http://www.nibib.nih.gov/science-education/science-topics/tissue-engineering-and-regenerative-medicine>.