Hitler Youth and Propaganda

The "future" of Nazi Germany

Young men in the Hitler Youth

Adolf Hitler believed that the "future" of Nazi Germany fell into the hands of the Youth. Children as young as 10 joined the organisation Deutsches Jungvolk (German young people) in which the young boys would participate in a programme of outdoor activities, parades and sports; in an attempt to indoctrinate the children into the beliefs of Nazi ideology.

Young boys from the ages of 6 years old to 10 years old the organisation of "Pimpf" would become the most junior organisation at the time. Pimpf boys completed military service, outdoor activities such as camping and physical activities they were also subjected to Nazi values and political views much like the Hitler Youth.

Through the ages of 13 to 18 they were transferred to the Hitler Jugend (Hitler Youth) in which the young men would participate in a wide variety of sporting and outdoor activities as well as learning how to fight, these particular skills were designated to this specific age group as these are the informative and most influential times of their lives. It would also benefit them later in their lives and prepare them for the rage of war if they were to defend their country which they have been taught to "worship".

Young men would be taught skills such as; marching, bayonet drill, grenade throwing, trench digging, map reading, gas defence, use of dugouts, how to get under barbed wire fence and also basic and complex gun control.

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Nazi Propaganda

The Nazi's utilised film, newspapers, radio, rallies and books to recruit new members and "win" public support of the Nazi party. Joseph Goebbels was appointed minister of propaganda and public information. He also controlled the mass media, his job was to "Nazify" the German art and culture. However his propaganda was targeted at an older audience. To influence younger children/adults propaganda would be used in the media.

In many books Nazi propaganda was used, school books would be re-written to support Nazi ideology . Books that promoted anti-semitism were mass produced and published. All existing books that did not support the Nazi ideology or the laws of anti-semitism were incinerated. In Berlin, Germany Goebbels drew in a crowd of 40,000 for the ritual of burning books at universities on May the 10th, 1933.

In Nuremberg a special stadium was built for the stage managed rallies. Discipline, order and power were crucial factors of these rallies. German people would often become emotional watching these rallies take place as uniforms, banners and torch light processions were ordinary and were nothing out of the usual.

Newspaper sales were prohibited to the non German people such as the Jews. Goebbels ministry of propaganda would send out daily instructions to the newspaper manufactures on what to publish. Newspapers were posted in public places.

Goebbels also controlled the production of films across Germany, pro-Nazi films were made under his orders, films with the Nazi ideology as well as anti-Jewish films would influence the public into the "Nazi way".