By Kayla Luebbe
Cubism was a very important art style of the 20th century. The movement was started by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque between 1907 and 1914 in Paris. It lasted until 1921. Cubism was started because the artists didn't think that their art should copy nature. They wanted their works to be more two dimensional so they used simple geometric shapes. Louis Vauxcelles, a French art critic, decided to call it Cubism because of some landscape paintings from Georges Braque that he had seen in 1908. Georges tried to have his style of painting match that of Paul Cezanne. Vauxcelles thought that the geometric shapes in the paintings looked like "cubes."
Pablo was born in Spain in 1881, and died in 1973. He helped start the Cubism movement. Throughout his art career, he had many different periods such as the Blue and the Rose. During the Cubism movement, his paintings often combined designs with letters.
Georges was born in France in 1882 and died in 1963. He was also one of the founders of Cubism. His works were very similar to those of Pablo Picasso. Georges Braque developed the idea of having multiple perspectives in his paintings.
Piet was born in 1872 and died in 1944. Although he didn't start the Cubism movement, he was an artist that was involved in it. A lot of his works were very simple, and used basic elements.
Old Locomotive, Lyonel Feininger
This is a work from Lyonel Feininger. It is an idealistic painting. The scene depicts some people sitting in front of a train with some buildings in the background. He uses geometric shapes to form the train, and lines to define shape in some areas. The positive space in this work is the train and the people by it, and the negative space is the buildings and the sky in the background. He uses a lot of warm colors, but also a little bit of cool as well.