James and Ashley's Shocking News

Dust Bowl

In our science book it says that water and wind can expose soil by carrying soil away in the process of erosion. Towards the end of the 1800’s the rain decreased and caused droughts to happen. When plowing it caused grass to remove and expose the soil. By 1930 there was a Dust Bowl. When the Dust Bowl happened it helped people appreciate the value that soil has. With the government's support the farmers began to take care of soil. The dust bowl forms by wind, they start with the wind and they pick up the sand. When there is a dust bowl near the farm the soil picks up away the crops. That is when the crop starts to not grow. They do not grow because the dust bowl blows the soil. When the dust bowl goes to a different place the soil goes back to normal. When the dust bowl occurred the soil had loss of soil fertility which caused the plants to not grow.

Soil Conservation Methods

Ever since the Dust Bowl people adopted to the method of soil conservation. Farmers used contour plowing, conservation plowing, and crop rotation. The first method farmers used was contour plowing they would plow their fields along the curve of a slope so it helps slow the runoff of excess rainfall and prevented it from washing away the soil. The second method farmers used was conservation plowing farmers would have disturbed soil as little as possible. Stalks and dead weeds were in the ground to help the soil to have nutrients, retain moisture, and hold soil in place. The third method farmers used was crop rotation when farmers used crop rotation farmers planted different types of crops every year. Plants of different type absorb different amounts of nutrient from the soil. Crops such as corn and cotton absorb a large amount of nutrient from the soil. The crops such as oats, barley, and rye are crops who use fewer soil nutrient.
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James Lopez and Ashley Trejo