Indus Valley

Sanya Raynoe- Archaeologist

The Indus valley used farming and trading for life skills. Now in India and Pakistan, its used as an important skill. A caste is a strictly regulated social group. The caste system has always been important to Ancient South Asia. Being born in caste means you stay there- for life. Every caste had its own culture, with myths and rules, even its own writing style. People are supposed to marry others from their own caste, In a village, everyone had a feeling of responsibility to each other. Castes are also rated in a higher to lower level, respecting and expecting respect from higher and lower castes.

Panini, a student in the caste Brahmin, used a writing language called Sanskrit. Panini began to learn about other caste’s writing styles, different from Sanskrit. Thinking the world would be better if everyone could understand the same language, he began to collect works written in sanskrit and standardized the language. Now, thanks to Panini, modern people are able to learn more about ancient languages. The architecture of the Indus Valley was very solid, made out of brick and stone. Their plumbing system was very sophisticated.

Marissa Tocci- Anthropologist

The Indus valley people worshiped some exotic looking gods. One god is a man with horns and three faces, with animals such as tigers rhino and buffalo worshiping him. This god looks alike to the Hindu god Shiva, who also has three faces, the Indus valley people worshiped the pipal and fig tree. Religions in the Indus valley were Hindu.

The Indus valley people were advanced because they had high-prowed single masted boats, this was an advantage because it meant faster transportation. They also had a strong economy from barganing.

The people of Indus valley ate a healthy diet of mostly fruits and vegeatables, but they also ate meat and seafood. Farmers also grew dates, grapes, melons, peas and wheat.

The animals that lived in the Indus Valley were mostly endangered. There were Marco polo sheep, Indian wild donkeys, Baluchistan Bear, and bliond Indus dolphin, green turtles, gavials and crocodiles, bustard birds, musk and hog deer, weasels, otters, lynx, ratels, hyenas, wolves, martens, goittered gazelles, the gray goral and himalayn tahr, this was the species of wild goat. There are now only 350 animals.

When archaeologosts found a granary they looked inside but there was nothing to be found! This was quit interesting because the granary was supposidly 60 feet tall and should have held lots of grain. Archeaologists are still puzeled by the granary.

Some languages the the Indus valley people spook, Hindi and Urdu, these were the most popular, another language that was spoken was sanskirt.

Shoshana Halev- Anthropologist

The Indus Valley people had lots of different jobs so everyone was busy. Some of the jobs were brick-makers, they mixed soil with clay and water to make soft mud. Then they put the mud into a mold and then let it dry out so it will harden out and be a brick. Another job was a farmer, they harvested dates, grapes, melons, wheat and peas.

The Indus Valley people also had many religions but there were just two main ones. They were the Hindu religon and the Buddah religion. The Hindu people worshiped some interesting gods. For example one of the gods is the Brahma god and he is shown riding on a goose with 4 different bodys. The Buddha people worshiped Siddhartha who was a young man born into a royal family then became the start of a of the Buddha religion that is still practiced now.

The Indus people ate healthy meals. They kept pigs,sheep gaots and cows they had for meat and milk. The farmers added dates, grapes, melons, wheat and peas to their diet.

The Indus people had to find a way to write though. They used a sharp stick on soft mud or a knife on stone and metal. Not very many people knew how to read or write, but the traders new a little because it was easier for them to so their job if they could read what was written on seals. The Indus Valley people wrote from right to left then left to right and it just goes on like that till you have nothing more to write.

Gabe Flynn Christianson- Historian

The indus valley civillization began when a group of indians traveled to the indus river. There on the indus river did the people start to build their civilazation. They started out by building littel villages and then cities and then kingdoms. Like all succesful civilazations they started out near a river. That's pretty much how the indus valley civilization came to be.

I could not find many things about great leaders or mobs that influenced society. They was one leader but he did not come until around 1940.

The city of Mohenjo-Daro was flourishing in 2600 BC. besides that the only other big effect was when they died somewhere between 1900 and 1700 BC.

The orders that this civilization advanced were pretty normal. or at least in my opinion they were. Around 3300 BC the indus valley farmers startedr to build villages. Somewhere in 3200 BC the indus people developed their own form of handwriting.There started to be cities in the Indus valley around 2650 BC and by 2600 BC the city of Moherjo-Daro was flourishing

Ryan Rosamond- Geographer

The Indus valley was located in India near the Indus river it is also north of the Indian ocean. The Indus people settled near the Indus river because the land was fertile and there was a lot of water to drink. I think they were geographically lucky. I think they were geographically lucky because there land was very fertile. The Indus people had clay,stone,and wood. They used the wood for carts to carry things,the stone was for weapons and farming tools, the clay was for making pottery. There are a lot of things located today where the Indus valley was. The city of Jaisalmar is located where the northwest of the Indus valley was.