Syria

Damascus

Syria is located in the western Asian continent.

Is the Syrian Arab Republic or the north country. Covering an area of 185,180 square km, including the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights of 1,200 square km, its population is l755 million, of which 80% are Arabs, with the rest Kurds, Armenians, and so on. Residents are Muslim. The languages are Mandarin, English, and French.

Syria history:

In 3000 BC, the original Syrian city-state existed . After the eighth century BC, the Assyrian Empire, Macedonia, Roman Empire, Arab Empire, the European Crusaders, Ma Mu Luke dynasty of Egypt, and the Ottoman Empire occupied or dominated Syria. In 1920, Syria was reduced to a French mandated territory. On September 27, 1941, the Commander-in-Chief of the "Free French Forces," General to AU Wai Jia Delu announced Syrian independence. In August 1945, Syria set up their own government.

Economic

Syria's economy is predominantly agricultural, growing wheat, cotton, sugar beets, olives, and beans. Cotton is the primary export. Major industries are refining, mining, textiles, food, and utilities. Arts and crafts have a long history and a unique style. Hand-woven, soft and fine silk is among the fine arts and crafts. Mosaics are another well-known tradition, with inlays of shell, silver, and gold.

Culture

Syria is a traditional society with a long cultural history. Importance is placed on family, religion, education, self-discipline and respect. The Syrians' taste for the traditional arts is expressed in dances such as the al-Samah, the Dabkeh in all their variations, and the sword dance. Marriage ceremonies and the birth of children are occasions for the lively demonstration of folk customs.

Geography

Syria lies between latitudes 32° and 38° and longitudes 35° and 43°E. It consists mostly of arid plateau, although the northwest part of the country bordering the Mediterranean is fairly green. The Northeast of the country "Al Jazira" and the South "Hawran" are important agricultural areas. The Euphrates, Syria's most important river, crosses the country in the east. It is considered to be one of the fifteen states that comprise the so-called "Cradle of civilization". The climate in Syria is dry and hot, and winters are mild. Because of the country's elevation, snowfall does occasionally occur during winter.

Politics and government

Syria is formally a unitary republic. The constitution adopted in 2012 effectively transformed Syria into a semi-presidential republic due to the constitutional right for individuals to be elected which do not form part of the National Progressive Front. The President is Head of State and the Prime Minister is Head of Government. The legislature, the Peoples Council is the body responsible for passing laws, approving government appropriations and debating policy. In the event of a vote of no confidence by a simple majority, the Prime Minister is required to tender the resignation of their government to the President.

Palmyra

Is one of the most famous in Syria, The ancient ruins of Palmyra are situated in an oasis in the Syrian Desert. During its halcyon days, it was a necessary stop for caravans crossing the desert as well as an important cultural center and residence for many high-profile individuals. The ancient city fell into disuse after the 1500’s, but its name was adopted by a newer town right next to the ruins. Although much of the ancient Palmyra lies in ruins, some magnificent structures have managed to survive through the centuries and are presently attracting tourists in droves. The most famous Palmyrene monument is the Temple of Ba’al-Shamin, which was considered the most important religious building in the Middle East during the first century AD.