WRAP IT UP
Maria, Evan, Alicia, Pamela
Be Informed !! Sex Happens! Everything you need to know!!
- What is Puberty?
Puberty starts to occur between 8 years old and 13 in girls and for boys would be 9 to 15 years old.
- What Happens to your body?
Your hormones starts to go all over the place, and you get desired for either the same gender or opposite.
For Boys: Changes in your body starts to develop, such as increase of the size of your testicles, sometimes called gonads. These sex glands, housed in a sac called the scrotum, wake up during early adolescence and start to pump out testosterone in response to chemical messages from your brain’s hypothalamus and pituitary glands. Without any warning, you may find yourself shifting from thinking about trucks to thinking about sex. Testosterone is also responsible for your developing a beard and other body hair such as leg hair, armpit hair, your deepening voice, and your penis widening and lengthening. On the negative side, this hormone is the culprit behind a teen’s breaking out with zits at the most inopportune times.
For Girls: Hormones attack the ovaries, containing eggs that has already been in the body since born.The body starts to make hormones called estrogen.These hormones prepare the girl's body to start her period, which can have different effect on a girl. Body begins to grow faster. For females, breast shape and size start to change, sometimes can feel sore, depending on the reaction of your body. Your hips also start to widen. Pubic hair starts which can also be underarms, around your vulva etc. You start to sweat much easier and can get develop a smell if you don't start to use deodorant or just shower more often. Acne is also the process of puberty, which can be controlled by your regular doctor.
Your first period experience: Anyone whom has had their first experience can agree that it can first be uncomfortable. You may feel scared when it first happens, excited, or just sad about it. Keep in mind that when you first get your period, you become a young lady, which means if you become sexually active, you can now get pregnant.
This is the exciting part, you learn about your period happening every month, like a cycle. It can either be regular or irregular, regular meaning period lands on the same day of every month or 2 or 3 days apart. Irregular meaning you don't know when your period comes, it can be first of the month , middle or towards the end of the month. It may sometimes skip the month which is why it's very important to keep track with your doctor.
The menstrual flow is usually heaviest during the first few days. Some women get cramps before or during their periods. This is normal and usually goes away with Tylenol or ibuprofen or the use of a heating pad. If you have a lot of cramping, you can get help from your health care provider. Some women feel irritable, bloated, or have any number of other symptoms before their period starts. These symptoms are temporary and are called "PMS," which stands for premenstrual syndrome.
Most cycles are between 25 and 35 days long. There are a few things that could make your period late:
- excessive exercise — many female athletes have irregular periods
- not enough food (anorexia)
- big changes in your life — taking a trip somewhere, moving
- birth control — some hormonal methods of birth control can affect a woman's menstrual cycle
- illness — sometimes being sick or not feeling well can cause your period to be late
Tips: Use deodorant more often, if possible, carry it in your purse or book bag in school.
Any acne on your face, do not touch it or try to pop it cause it will leave scars. For acne wash your face, and pat softly with a dry towel.
Get on the Fast Track to Educating yourself about Sexually transmitted diseases
2. Did you know that performing "just oral sex" can give you an STD? It does not have to be vaginal or anal sex.
3. Did you know that Hepatitis B can be passed via sexual intercourse?
4. Did you know that HERPES can be passed on even if the person you are with does not have any visible sores?
5. Did you know there is no cure for Herpes?
6. Did you know that California law allows minors to get HPV and Hepatitis vaccine without parent's consent?
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Caution it can also be passed on hand to genital contact or genital to genital contact!
MOST COMMON in teenagers
Symptoms: No symptoms. Most people feel well. You may get flesh colored warts that are raised, flat, or shaped like a cauliflower. Vaccines can protect against the virus
Gonorrhea (the Clap): spread by having vaginal and anal sex
Symptoms: burning during urination and may have milky discharge, vaginal discharge, pelvic pain, and spotting. Antibiotics can stop the infection
Syphillis: Direct contact with sores on the body. Easily spread during vaginal and anal sex
Most people do not notice the early symptoms. Firm round painless sore on genitals or anus. Swollen glands, fever, hair loss, or fatigue
Treated and cured with antibiotics.
Herpes Simplex 2: Genital herpes are caused by a virus called HSV-2. Highly contagious and can spread ruing sex or direct contact with the sore. No cure.
Symptoms: Fluid filled blisters that form painful crusted sores on the genitals, anus, thighs, or buttocks. Can spread to lip through oral sex or any oral contact.
HIV/AIDS: Spreads through unprotected sex . It is not just a homosexual disease.
It affects heterosexual, too.
Symptoms: May have no symptoms but some may get flu-like symptoms, swollen glands, fever,headaches, and fatigue
Virus may be detected with a blood test. No Cure. Expensive Continual Medication to manage the disease
Types of Contraceptives
* If you are thinking of becoming sexually active think now before it is too late.
* Planned Parenthood can help you decide what is type of birth control is best for you.
* Locate your nearest Planned Parenthood by clicking on the link below.
Pill: take each day as prescribed by doctor (need prescription)
Cost $ 15- $50 a month
Vaginal Ring: a small ring you can put in your vagina once a month for 3 weeks (need prescription)
Cost $15- $80 a month
Patch: a small patch that sticks to your skin (need prescription)
Cost $15- $80 a month
Female Condom: a pouch inserted into the vagina (no prescription)
Cost about $ 4
Male Condom: Worn on the penis (no prescription) Cost $ 1 each
Sponge: foam sponge inserted into vagina (no prescription)
Cost: $9 - $ 15 for package of 3
Cervical Cap: a silicone cup inserted into vagina . Self inserted every time before having vaginal intercourse. Health care provider will provide correct size. Last 2 years
Cost $ 60- $70
Diaphragm: shallow cup inserted into vagina. Self-inserted each time before sex. Healthcare provider will check for fit (need Presciption ) Last 2 years
Cost $ 15- $ 75
IUD (Intrauterine Device): small Tshaped device inserted into uterus. Inserted by healthcare provider
Cost $500- 1000.00
Last but not least is Abstinence : No vaginal intercourse to keep from getting pregnant. Absolutely, No vaginal, No anal, and NO oral sex if you do not want the risk of owning an STD. JUST DON"T DO IT!
- Adolescents are reporting that they are increasing the percentage for being in a romantic relationship. From being in 7th grade it was at 17% then it went to 32% in ninth grade to being 44% in eleventh grade.
- By the time that they are in eleventh grade about 80% of them have already experienced a romantic relationship even if they are not in one at the time.
- The difference between adolescent’s dating now and then is that they are less formal then they were when it was during the earlier ages.
- The adolescents are more likely to be friends before they are in any kind of relationship with a boy or a girl. They hang out in groups that are mixed gender, not all boys and not all girls but mixed and they tend to go out to places together such as the movies or hanging out in big groups.
- In some cultures couples would talk about famous lovers and sing love songs together.
- Most cultures the parents were the ones that set up the marriages. Meaning you weren't allowed to love who you wanted to love.
- Sexual behavior during adolescent’s is due primarily to variations in cultural beliefs about acceptability (or not) to premarital sex.
Three Types of Cultures
- Permissive cultures: In permissive cultures they tolerate and even encourage adolescent’s sexuality. The countries that would fall under this category would be the Northern Europe countries.
- Semirestrictive Cultures have prohibitions on premarital adolescent’s sex. They are not strongly enforced and being said they are easily evaded.
- Restrictive Cultures place strong prohibitions on adolescent’s sexual activity before marriage. It is enforced strongly through social norms and by keeping the boys and the girls away from each other throughout adolescences.
- Many Arab countries take this approach of restrictive culture.
- Premarital female virginity is a matter of not only to the woman but also an honor to their family.
- If a woman is found to have lost her virginity before she is married, her male family members may punish her, beat her or even kill her.
- Restrictive is more for the girls than the boys.
- A double-standard in cultural views of adolescent’s sexuality is common worldwide. In which premarital sex is allowed for boys but not allowed for girls.
Love and Sexuality
- To have a romantic relationship, one will normally move away from ones family.
- Emerging adulthood: is when the change takes place, as the center of emotional life is transferred from the original family to a one-term romantic partner.
- Qualities one looks for in a romantic partner.
- THE INDIVIDUAL: * intelligent, attractive, or funny.
- Most often mention interpersonal qualities
- What they bring to a relationship
- * Kind, caring, loving and trustworthy
- Emerging adults wish to find some who will treat them right and will be capable of mutually love, durable relationship, and intimate.
- Cohabitation: unmarried romantic partners living together.
2/3 of emerging adults are living with their unmarried partner.
- In southern Europe they are less likely than their counterparts in the north to cohabit; most emerging adults in the southern Europe live at home until marriage, especially females.
- In a survey the age group from 20-to-29 year-old 62% say that it is better to live with someone before marriage to avoid eventual divorce.
Social and Emotional Aspects of Sex
In the world today, one of the most powerful influences we encounter is sex. It is getting nearly impossible to watch a movie, listen to an iPod playlist, or even read a book without finding some type of sexual scene or reference. Why is this? Why is everyone always thinking about having sex? Well, the simple answer is that it feels great! Another answer is that we depend on it for our survival, because no sex means no babies. But there is more than just the physical factors of having sex. There are also many emotional factors which we must not forget. Accompanied with sex may be feelings of acceptance and increased self-esteem, as you feel loved and desired. Fear and uncertainty of self are also common, especially towards the beginning of one’s sex life. It is important to remember that you and your partner(s) are human and that not every sexual experience will meet your expectations, but with time and experience you will continue to learn and your confidence and pleasure (both physical and emotional) will increase. As you go out into this world obsessed with sex, be smart and responsible. You’ll hear all around you that you are a waste of time if you are not sexually active, but don’t stress and let life happen the way it is supposed to. Sex is amazing, and the more educated you are about it, the more you will enjoy it and keep yourself safe, which is equally important.