Cells

Keegan Hart

Plama/Cell Membrane

2 layers of lipids coated with proteins. Regulates what enters and leaves the cell. Present in both animal and plant cells

Cell Wall

Rigid protective wall around the cell made of polysaccharides. Functions as a protective barrier for the cell. In plant cells

Cytoplasm

mostly water. Bounded on the outside by the cell envelope. Holds together the components in the cell. Present in plant and animal cells.

Nucleus

Large dark spot. Controls all cells activity. Present in plant and animal cells.

Nuclear Membrane

is a membrane surrounding the nucleus. Seperates the fluid inside the nucleus from the cytoplasm. Present in plant and animal cells.

Nucleolus

A spot of condensed chromatin. Responsible for the creation of Ribosomes. Present in plant and animal cells.

Centrioles

Contains protein fibers. Function in cell division. Present in animal cells.

Chromatin

Is DNA in its active form. Stores info needed to make protein. Present in plant and animal cells.

Ribosomes

Packs of RNA and protein. Reads RNA and sends it to amino acids. Present in plant and animal cells.

Golgi apparatus

Vesicles filled with proteins and other macromolecules. Transport proteins to the proper place of the cell. Present in plant and animal cells.

Endoplasmic reticulum

Has ribosomes attached to it. Creates proteins for the cell. Present in plant and animal cells.

Mitochondria

Has a double membrane.Makes and releases energy. Present in plant and animal cells.

Chloroplast

Has a double membrane. Where photosynthesis occurs. Present in plant cells.

Lysosomes

Contains hydrolytic enzymes. Eat bacteria to be digested in the vacuole. Present in plant and animal cells.

Peroxisomes

Contain enzyme for detoxifying harmful substances. Break down fatty acids and protect cell from hydrogen peroxide. Present in plant and animal cells.

Vacuole

is a membrane that surrounds a mass fluid. Digests bacteria eaten by lysosomes. Stores waste. Present in plant and animal cells.

Cytoskeleton

Is small balls of membrane. Gives cell is shape and helps organize cell division. Present in plant and animal cells.