China, Rome, and India
By: Layne Allen
China (500 CE – 600 CE)
• Confucianism helped shape Chinese beliefs about social morals and political principles.
• Buddhism spread throughout East Asia because it helped people during difficult times.
• China was run by a bureaucracy filled with scholar-officials.
• Improvements in agriculture and transportation made China one of the most powerful countries in the world.
• Chinese inventions such as the compass, gunpowder, and paper shaped the history of other world regions.
• The Mongols built an enormous empire stretching from China to Europe.The Mongols adopted some features of the Chinese style of government
ROME (500 BCE – 476 CE)
• Roman philosophy of Stoicism led to a strong sense of citizenship.
• Latin became basis for several European languages (Spanish, Italian, French).
• Roman arches, aqueducts, and roads influenced the creation of many modern structures.
• Rome established a representative gov’t in which average citizens held great power.By AD 117, the Roman Empire extended from Spain in the W to Syria in the E.
India (1000 BCE- 55 CE)
- Their main religion was Hinduism
By 300 B.C., the Maurya Empire united most of the subcontinent. The political unity and military security allowed for a common economic system and enhanced trade and commerce, with increased agricultural productivity.
- For the next 1500 years, India produced its civilizations such as the western gangas.