China, Rome, and India

By: Layne Allen


China (500 CE – 600 CE)

• Confucianism helped shape Chinese beliefs about social morals and political principles.

• Buddhism spread throughout East Asia because it helped people during difficult times.

• China was run by a bureaucracy filled with scholar-officials.

• Improvements in agriculture and transportation made China one of the most powerful countries in the world.

• Chinese inventions such as the compass, gunpowder, and paper shaped the history of other world regions.

• The Mongols built an enormous empire stretching from China to Europe.

The Mongols adopted some features of the Chinese style of government


ROME (500 BCE – 476 CE)

• Roman philosophy of Stoicism led to a strong sense of citizenship.

• Latin became basis for several European languages (Spanish, Italian, French).

• Roman arches, aqueducts, and roads influenced the creation of many modern structures.

• Rome established a representative gov’t in which average citizens held great power.

By AD 117, the Roman Empire extended from Spain in the W to Syria in the E.


India (1000 BCE- 55 CE)

  • Their main religion was Hinduism

By 300 B.C., the Maurya Empire united most of the subcontinent. The political unity and military security allowed for a common economic system and enhanced trade and commerce, with increased agricultural productivity.

  • For the next 1500 years, India produced its civilizations such as the western gangas.