MOROCCO

Editor Parker Fo

Introduction to Morocco

This presentation will tell you everything about Morocco. Some of those things include Geography, Government, Economy, Social and Ethnic groups, Etc. By the end of this presentation you will know everything about Morocco.


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Major Cities

Some of the major cites in Morocco are (In Greatest to Least order): Casablanca, Fes, Salé,and Marrakach. Note: Although Rabat is the political capital it only ranked sixth largest city in Morocco. Casablanca has nearly three million in population while the capital, Rabat only has only six hundred and twenty thousand.

Casablanca has the largest population because it is a very important port and is considered to be one of the largest ports in the world. Because this port is so large, many people come here because of the large business.

Note: Population as of 2004.



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Geography

Most of the country is mountainous with valleys and plateaus. Those mountain ranges are the Atlas and Rif mountain ranges. The Atlas Mountains are located in the central area while the Rif Mountains are in the north just west of Atlas. The southeastern part of the country is part of the Sahara Desert. A very significant water source is the Moulouya River which originates out of the Atlas Mountains. The climate of northern Morocco is subtropical while southern Morocco is a desert. Summers can reach 82 F and 0.5 cm precipitation while in the winter temps reach about 63 F and 7 cm of precipitation.

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Travel

If you wanted to travel to Casablanca, Morocco, American Airlines will fly you there for $6,365 from Dallas, Texas to Casablanca airport. That would take about 18 hours to fly there.


Transportation through Morocco is mainly on roads. They are also making a high speed train called the Trangier-Casablanca high -speed rail that will be able to carry over eight million people a year.

note: price found on AA.com


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Government and Foreign Policy

The country of Morocco has a king named King Mohammed VI. The country is a parlimentary constitutional monarchy. A Prime Minister is in charge of the government. Although Morocco has a King, the people still vote for a Prime Minister like the United States votes for a President.

Morocco is part of the United Nations and recieves financial support from the United States and other countries because they resemble a democracy and have helped in military conflicts. Note: Morocco claims the Western Sahara as the "Southern Provinces" but is not internationally recognized.



sources:wiki


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Economy

The name for this country's currency is called Dirham. One U.S dollar equals 8.3 dirhams.

Morocco exports mainly manufactured goods and agricultural goods. Morocco does import fuel and if there is a drought in the country, more food may be imported. The European Union is the main trade agreement, followed by the Gulf region, France, U.S and China

The GDP for the United States as of 2012 by the International Banking Fund was 16,244 and Morocco's GDP is 171. Based on the low currency rate and low GDP, Morocco would be considered weaker than the United States.


source:exchangerate.org


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Social and Ethnic Groups

Morocco is made up of many ethnicities. The Berbers who are indigenous to the country, Phoenicians, Arabs, Sub-Saharan African, Romans, Vandals and Andalusians all make up the multiethic country.

The education system is mandatory and is available in mose cities and towns. The call their levels, pre-school, 4-6 years old, primary, 6-12 years old, secondary is refered to as "college" and tertiary is a major university. The government pays for education up to age 15.

Women and children have less rights then those in the United States. Little girls at the age of 8 are used as home workers and are treated badly. Women have limited access to government position. The literacy rate among men and women is between 72-87%

Comparing Morocco to the United States, education is similar because children have to go to school. Women do not seem to have the same rights because they are limited in position in the government.

source: Unicef.org


Religion, Language, Country Flag

Most of Morocco's religion is mostly Islam at 99% of the population. All other religions are about 1% of the population.

Most of Morocco's language is Moroccan Arabic and Berber at 65% of the population. Up to 89% of the population can communicate in Arabic on a limited basis. As many as 10 million people can speak French.

The flag of Morocco consists of a red field and a green pentagram at the center of the flag. This flag was created and put to use in 1917. The red color respresents Hardiness, bravery, strength and valor. The pentagram respresents Solomons Seal which is a magical ring of legend that gives power to command demons, genies or to speak with animals.


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Holidays, Festivals, Clothing and Food

Morocco has 2 different holidays called Eid Al-Fitr and Eid Al-Adha. The first holiday is celebrated at the end of a fasting month in Ramadan. The second celebrates Abrahams willingness to sacrifice his son.

Men and women have a similar traditional style of clothing call djellaba. The djellaba is a lone robe like dress. They both wear shoes called balghas. These are like slippers that do not have heels.

Couscous is the traditional Berber dish. Couscous is granules of durum wheat that is cooked by steaming. It is normally served with meat and or vegetables spooned on top. Couscous is normally found throughout the African countries of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Mauritania and Libya.

Notable People and History [Very Importatnt Person (VIP)]

Abd el-Krim led a bold revolution against the French and Spanish and created the Republic of the Rif. Before that in World War I Abd el-Krim taught at a school and was a editor of a newspaper. Then the Spanish government punished him for anti colonial activities. When the Republic of the Rif was formed he defeated the Spanish but they returned with the French with a force of 250,000 men and was defeated. He was sent in exile for 21 years. Abd el Krim died on February 6 1963 in Cairo, Egypt.


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