The Land Know As Afghanistan!

Learn more about Afghanistan&take a trip through its history

Afghan History TOP 10 EVENTS


10.1838-42 - British forces invade, install King Shah Shujah. He is assassinated in 1842. British and Indian troops are massacred during retreat from Kabul.


9.1878-80 - Second Anglo-Afghan War. A treaty gives Britain control of Afghan foreign affairs.


8.1919 - Emir Amanullah Khan declares independence from British influence.


7.1933 - Zahir Shah becomes king and Afghanistan remains a monarchy for next four decades.


6.1953 - General Mohammed Daud becomes prime minister. Turns to Soviet Union for economic and military assistance. Introduces social reforms, such as abolition of purdah (practice of secluding women from 1838-42)


5.1963 - Mohammed Daud forced to resign as prime minister.


4.Beginning in late 1994 a militia of Pashtun Islamic fundamentalist students, the Taliban, emerged as an increasingly powerful force. In early 1996, as the Taliban continued its attempt to gain control of Afghanistan


3.1998, as the Taliban appeared on the verge of taking over the whole country, U.S. missiles destroyed what was described by the Pentagon as an extensive terrorist training complex near Kabul run by Osama Bin Ladin, a Saudi-born militant accused of masterminding the 1998 bombings of the American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania.


2.The Interim Authority held power for approximately 6 months while preparing for a nationwide "Loya Jirga" (Grand Council) in mid-June 2002 that decided on the structure of a Transitional Authority. The Transitional Authority, headed by President Hamid Karzai, renamed the government as the Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan (TISA).


1.In Sept., 2011, and Apr., 2012, there were intense but relatively limited insurgent assaults on prominent targets in Kabul that seem intended to call into question the idea that NATO and Afghan forces were in control


Afghanistan Ethnic Groups

There are 8 ethnic groups in Afghanistan. The names of these 8 groups are: Pashtuns(42%), Tajik(27%), Hazara(9%), Uzbek(9%), Aimak(4%), Turkmen(3%), Baloch(2%), and Other(4%).

Ethnic Groups

Here are some pictures of how people of different ethnic groups look.
Afghan National Anthem - "Milli Surood" (PS/EN)
Afghan traditional dance

A,B,E,R,and T

Appearance (a):Women may wear a long colorful dress with a short jacket, long coat, or shawl, and jewelry made from gold and silver

is common. Many people, especially children, wear a tawiz (amulet) around their neck to protect against evil. In many cases,

women continue to wear a head-to-toe covering called a chadiri or burqa over their clothing. Their faces are covered, but the

women can see through a window of material. In the days of the Taliban government, women were rarely seen in public and the

chadiri was a requirement. Its use is still widespread due to social pressure that continues to exist.

Beliefs (b):The official religion in Afghanistan is Islam, which is practiced by over 99% of its citizens. Sunni Islam makes up 80-89% of the total population while the remaining 10-19% are Shi'as and about 1% or less practice other religions.[1][2][3][4]

Apart from Muslims, there are also small minorities of Christians, Buddhist, Parsi (Zoroastrians), Sikhs and Hindus[5][6]

At a population growth rate of 3.85, Afghanistan has the fastest-growing Muslim population in the world.

Eating (e): At mealtimes, Afghans usually sit on the floor around a mat on which food is served in a dish that everyone eats from.

Families usually eat together; however, if there is a male guest present, women will eat in a separate area. Most Afghans do not

dine outside the home, but some restaurants have booths or separate dining areas for families so that women may eat out.

When eating, a person uses the fingers of the right hand or a piece of naan (unleavened bread). Always eat, offer, and

accept food with your right hand—never the left. The left hand is traditionally reserved for personal hygiene. When eating, eat

until satisfied. Any leftover food will be saved for later or the next day's breakfast.

Recreation (r):In music and dance, a revival of traditional folksinging has gone hand in hand with the imitation of modern Western and Indian music. Afghan music is different from Western music in many ways, particularly in its scales, note intervals, pitch, and rhythm, but it is closer to Western than to Asian music. Afghans celebrate their religious or national feast days, and particularly weddings, by public dancing. The performance of the attan dance in the open air has long been a feature of Afghan life. It became the national dance of the Pashtun and then of the entire country. Under the Taliban regime, however, all performances of music and dance—and even listening to or watching the same—were forbidden as un-Islamic.

Transportation (t):Afghan people travel many different ways. This includes taxi,car,donkey,and feet.that is mainly all they use for transportation.

5 Famous Lacations In Afghanistan

Adbul Rahman Mosque

adbul rahman mosque is a famouse landmark in Kabul Province,Afghanistan.

Khyber pass

Khyber Pass has been an important site in Afghanistan. Khaybar has been an important link between Pakistan and Afghanistan. Throughout history it served as an important trade route between Central Asia and South Asia. Most foreign invaders in India entered through Khyber Pass. Crossing Khyber Pass, one of the most important pass in history, is quite adventurous.

Minaret Of Jam

Minaret Of Jam is one of the buildings listed in the UNESCO's world heritage list. Minaret of jam is also called Minaret of Ghiyath al-Din Muhammad bin Sam. Minaret of Jam is quite isolated in itself, located in a remote valley next to the Hari Rud river.

Tora Bora

Tora Bora,also know as Black Dust, is a cave complex in eastern Afghanistan. The complex hosts it's self in the White Mountains locally known as Safed Koh. Tora Bora is approximately 50km west of the Khyber Pass. The US forces battled with Al Qaeda and the Taliban in Tora Bora, during the US invasion of Afghanistan in 2001.

Panjshir Valley

The Panjshir has always been most people's first choice in Afghanistan. When Afghanistan was on the tourist trail Panjshir valley was one of the most visited tourist destinations. Due to its proximity to Kabul and its astonishing natural beauty, Panjshir became people's first destination in the country. It is located 150km north of Kabul, near the Hindu Kush.

Afghan Geography

this map shows the physical features of Afghanistan's physical features.

Geography Facts

Afghanistan is a mountainous country that is usually designated as being located in south Asia. It is sometimes described as being the center or heart of Asia, connecting South and east Asia with central and western Asia. The country is the 41st largest in the world in size. Kabul is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan, located in the Kabul,Provinence. Afghanistan is 647,500 km (250,000 sq mi). It's highest point is: Noshaq,7492 m (24,580 ft). The climate is Arid to warm.


Afghanistan is a mountainous country in a dry part of the world which experiences extremes of climate and weather. Winters are cold and snowy, and summers hot and dry. The wet season generally runs from winter through early spring, but the country on the whole is dry, falling within the Desert. Temperatures can vary from 51 degrees below 0 f in the mountains and as hot as 156 f in the desserts.


Afghanistan has always been a traditional economy, based on agriculture and herding. Its mineral wealth has remained unexploited. Exports have been limited to eatables and few handmade articles. In the 1970s Afghanistan was discovered to have a wide variety of mineral resources, but only coal, iron ore, copper ore, and gemstones.


Afghanistan's government has varied through years,but the current government is Monarchy. The king's name is Hamid Karzai.

an out zoomed picture of Kabul,Provenance,Afghanistan

Hamid Karzai is the current leader of Afghanistan.