Digital Times 1880-1920

By: Bailey Collins


political: Capitalism expanded throughout the United States. Development of the factory system was is high demand. The Dawes Act- the US took American Indian tribal land and divided it into allotments for individual Indians.

economic: Machines replaced people; technology advances to produce more goods. America is beginning to make working easier for the people.

social: As industrialization grew, so did the population in cities. There was overcrowding, lack of housing, poor sanitary conditions, and disease spreading. The Indians who accepted the Dawes Act and lived separately from their tribe were granted United States citizenship.


political: Immigrants were expected to become more American. This expectation was know as the "melting pot". It was a term used in which immigrants were "melting together" their nationalities, cultures, and ethnicities.

economic: Immigrants came to America in search of new work, a better environment for living, or to escape from their government. The Irish moved to America because of the potato famine in Ireland. But most Immigrants came to find better job opportunities in order to support their families.

social: They would have to learn how to live in a new environment. They changed their life style to fit into the city and new country. Some were pulled to American by contract agreements offered by recruiting agents.


political: US population doubles, populations in the cities tripled. Some people moved to the cities for electricity, plumbing, department stores, and elegance. However, the more the population rose, the more the crime rate grew.

economic :Urbanization expanded rapidly, causing food shortages, overcrowding, lack of shelter, and increase in poverty. Families from the country moved from rural areas to urban cities to find work that would provide more for their families.

social: They had to learn modern values and change their life style to fit in the city. This was a big change for families who had worked on farms for generations to convert to the life style of urban people.

Urbanization Changing the Landscape

Family in poverty

Family farm in 1902


political: This was a time of government intervention in people's personal lives. Before the 17th amendment, senators were elected by state legislatures. However political machines gained control over state legislatures, and the senators were elected with their support. On April 8, 1913, an amendment was made to allow senators to be voted on by popular vote.

economic: The goal was to improve the human condition through government-based economic central planning. Another major event was the social gospel movement, where protestant ministers began to tie salvation and good work together.

social: Progressivism started out as a social movement but grew to a political movement. Progressives believed that the problems society faced should be fixed by providing good education, a safe environment, and an efficient workplace.

Social Gospel- APUSH PSA

17th Amendment



political: The open door policy- established in the late 19th century/ early 20th century, the purpose of the policy was to keep China open to trade with all countries and to keep any one power from total control of the country. This is an example of imperialism.

economic: In 1903, Panama became its own country. Panamas' ambassador to the United States, Philippe Bunau-Varilla, signed the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty, granting the United States permission to build the Panama canal.

social: During world war 1, President Woodrow Wilson promised American neutrality throughout the war, however this promise was broken when the US entered the war after the Zimmerman telegraph.

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Philippe Bunau-Varilla\

American Neutrallity

World War 1

political: Militarism- caused the arms race leading to new military technologies and increased military spending.

Nationalism- a significant cause of world war 1. Gave citizens excessive confidence in their nation, their government, and military strength. It convinced people that their nation was being threatened by the imperialism of other nations.

economic: Government wanted the women to grow food for the soldiers and to fast with some foods to save up for the soldiers.

social: league of nations- an intergovernmental organization founded as a result of the Paris peace conference that ended the first world war.

Nationalism and WWI | History

Women growing food for soldiers

League of Nations