Skeletal System

By: Jermaine Phua

Functions and Parts

Parts

  • Bones
  • Ligaments: Strong, inelastic bands that help hold bones together at joints
  • Tendons: Connects muscles to bones
  • Joints: Connect bones together
  • Cartilage: Protect bones to by preventing them from wearing down


Main Function:

  • Determines shape of body and protects organs

Other Functions

  • They are the sites of muscle attachment
  • They help with movement

  • They stored mineral

Part of Skeletal System

Other Systems
  • Works closely with muscular system to allow movement of the body

Bones
  • Each bone is counted as an organ
  • Adults have 206 bones while babies have over 300
  • Some bones include the cranium(skull), sternum, femur and humerus

Joints: connect bones together
  • 4 types are:
    • Ball and socket
    • Hinge Joints
    • Pivot Joint
    • Immovable joints: skull

Tendons:Join bones to muscle
  • Tendons have great strength, but can be damaged if overstrained.
  • Most commonly damaged ones would be the Achilles heels, coming from the mythological character, Achilles.
  • Strength training can help strengthen the tendons in your body.

Cartilage:Protect bones from wearing down
  • Made out of chondrocytes cells
  • 3 types
    • elastic cartilage
    • hyaline cartilage
    • fibrocartilage

Fun Facts

  • Bones are alive because they are made up of living cells

  • The clavicle or collar bones is the most broken bone

  • The bone in the throat is the only bone not connected to other bones

  • Humans and giraffes have the same number of bones as humans

  • Half of the bones are in the hands and feet


Orthopedic Surgeon

Othopedic Surgeon Career

College Degrees Needed
  1. undergraduate degree
  2. Medical school
  3. four-year orthopedic surgery residency
  4. one-year general surgery residency

College You Can Attend Locally
  1. Baylor
  2. Texas A&M College
  3. Texas Tech
  4. University of Texas

What Orthopedic Surgeons Do On a Normal Basis
  1. They do a few surgeries in the morning
  2. They meet with patients in their offices of their pains and stuff
  3. They read the patient’s information

Skills Needed To Be Successful
  1. Ability to diagnose musculoskeletal diseases
  2. Understanding of current medical technology
  3. Must be able to work long hours with a lot of pressure

Most Important Skill
  1. Must be able to work long hours with a lot of pressure because it you can’t handle it, it will affect you in many ways

Annual Pay
  1. $99,897 and $511,811

Skeletal System Diseases

Arthritis

  • Inflammation in one or more joint

  • This usually happens when there isn’t a normal amount of cartilage, which allows joints to move smoothly.

  • Bones start rubbing together, and it gets inflamed

  • There are more than 100 types of arthritis, like Osteoarthritis

  • some implications of this disease include Long-term (chronic) pain

Osteoporosis

  • It’s a disease where the bones get thinner and makes it weak.

  • It’s known as a silent disease as you don’t know you have it until you break a bone.

  • Bones are tissues that are constantly replaced. Osteoporosis doesn’t keep up the the change of new tissues, making it weak.

  • Small movements and even coughing can fracture their bones.

  • It affects white and Asian women the most, usually after their menopause.

Kyphosis

  • It’s a disease where the bones get thinner and makes it weak.

  • It’s known as a silent disease as you don’t know you have it until you break a bone.

  • Bones are tissues that are constantly replaced. Osteoporosis doesn’t keep up the the change of new tissues, making it weak.

  • Small movements and even coughing can fracture their bones.

  • It affects white and Asian women the most, usually after their menopause.