Backward Design for Lesson Planning

aka Understanding by Design

Begin With the End In Mind

Backward Design

Backward design helps you to:
  • decide what is worth knowing, understanding, and doing
  • know clearly what you want the students to achieve
  • decide what is acceptable evidence of understanding
  • plan the most effective learning experiences to achieve the outcome
  • avoid planning from activity-to-activity or day-to-day
  • avoid getting off track
  • avoid deciding on the assessment tasks at the end.
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Backwards Design


Understanding by Design

Grant Wiggins and Jay McTighe