Dementia

by Erik Silver and Katy Hart

Question

What has research found to help people with advanced dementia and how do people/groups help people with dementia?

Key Terms

Intellectual- of or associated with or requiring the use of the mind.

(Most dementia's cause memory loss and problems with other intellectual abilities serious enough to interfere with daily life).

Brain cell- a nerve cell in the brain.

( Dementia destroys brain cells which causes memory loss and problems with thinking and behavior serious enough to affect work and hobbies).

Progressive- favoring or promoting progress.

(Most forms of dementia such as Alzheimer's diseases is a progressive disease)

What is Dementia?

A chronic disorder of the mental processes caused by brain disease or injury and results in memory disorders, personality changes, and impaired reasoning.

What are the symptoms?

People may experience:

Cognitive: mental decline, memory loss, disorientation, mental confusion, inability to speak or understand, making things up, confusion in the evening hours, forgetfulness, or inability to recognize common things.

Mood: anger, loneliness, apathy, mood swings, nervousness, or general discontent

Behavioral: lack of restraint, irritability, personality changes, aggression, or wandering and getting lost.

Psychological: hallucination, paranoia, anxiety, or depression.

Sleep: sleep disturbances or difficulty falling asleep.

Muscular: unsteady walking or inability to combine muscle movements.

Also common: restlessness, tremor, falling, trembling, leaking of stool, difficulty swallowing, or jumbling of speech.

Dementia demographics

A study found that about 3.4 million people, or 13.9 percent of the population age 71 and older, have some form of dementia. The prevalence of dementia increased dramatically with age, from five percent of those aged 71 to 79 to 37.4 percent of those age 90 and older. About 2.4 million of those with dementia, or 9.7 percent of the population age 71 and older, were found to have Alzheimer's disease, the most common cause of dementia, according to a study. Furthermore, it is shown that there is a direct correlation between income and whether a person has dementia.
Big image

Causes

Dementia is caused by damage to brain cells. The damage interferes with the ability of brain cells to communicate with each other. When this occurs, thinking, behavior and feelings can be adversely affected. This can occur in individual regions in the brain (for example, memory, judgment and movement). When cells in a particular region are damaged, that region cannot implement its functions normally.

Diagnosis

Doctors can diagnose dementia based on a careful medical history, a physical examination, laboratory tests, and the characteristic changes in thinking, day-to-day function and behavior associated with each type. Doctors can usually determine whether someone has dementia through doing this though it is more difficult for them to determine what type of dementia their patents possess.

Treatments for Dementia

Currently there is no cure for progressive dementia's such as Alzheimer's disease. However, there are drugs that can be taken to alleviate some of dementia's symptoms. Currently there is no cure for progressive dementias such as Alzheimer's disease. However, there are drugs that can be taken to alleviate some of dementia's symptoms. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved two types of medications for progressive dementia which include cholinesterase inhibitors (Aricept, Exelon, Razadyne, Cognex) and andmemantine (Namenda) to treat symptoms such as memory loss and confusion. In the future hopefully new treatments will emerge through clinical trials. At the moment at least 50,000 volunteers are needed to participate in over 100 actively enrolling clinical trials concerning dementias.

How governments deal with dementia

Many countries are realizing the value of detecting dementia in patents early because of this it is becoming a more important health policy at the national governments of France, Spain, the United Kingdom and sub-national governments in countries such as in Canada, Sweden and the United States. How people diagnosed with dementia vary with what countries people live in. For example, health care systems in Australia and the UK have developed complex and detailed strategies and programs to meet the specific needs of persons with dementia, their families and caregivers. Whereas, some other countries do not.

How people handle people with Dementia

People handle people with Dementia in many ways. Often, they will either hire or act as a caregiver to that person. If they act as a caregiver, they often join support groups in which they talk about the stress of being a caregiver and receive advice on issues regarding this. They also use books, the internet and workshops to gain the necessary skill to care for an individual with advanced dementia. Furthermore, they can take advantage of other resources such as finding an Alzheimer's association which are organizations that provide advice and support for caregivers.

Work Cited

"What Is Dementia?" Dementia – Signs, Symptoms, Causes, Tests, Treatment, Care. N.p., 2015. Web. 11 Mar. 2015.

"Caregiver Support Groups | Caregiver Center | Alzheimer's Association."Alzheimer's Association. N.p., 2015. Web. 23 Mar. 2015.

"Quiz | Alzheimer's Association." Quiz | Alzheimer's Association. Alzheimer's Association, 2015. Web. 23 Mar. 2015.

Neill, Max. "Alzheimer's Dementia: What You Need To Know, What You Need To Do." — Intellectual Disability. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2015.

"Dementia Statistics." Dementia Statistics. ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE INTERNATIONAL, n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2015.

"Dementia - WebMD: Types, Stages, Causes, Symptoms, Treatments."WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2015.

"Dementia: MedlinePlus." U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 11 Aug. 2014. Web. 19 Mar. 2015.

Yam, Kimberly. "Fully Equipped Village Allows Dementia Patients To Lead Normal, Independent Lives." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2015.

Robinson, Lawrence, Melissa S. Wayne, and Jeanne Segal. "Support for Alzheimer's and Dementia Caregivers." : How to Get the Caregiving Help You Need. N.p., Feb. 2015. Web. 23 Mar. 2015.