Depression

by Trinity F.

What is it?

A strong mood involving sadness, discouragement, sadness, despair, or hopelessness that lasts for weeks, months, or even longer.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Negative mood and feelings
  • Negative thinking
  • Sleeping problems
  • Low energy and motivation
  • Lose or gain weight
  • Headaches
  • Social withdrawal
  • Hard to concentrate and/or focus
  • Lighter colored hair

How does it affect someone?

  • The person will start to withdraw from activities with friends or people they can get along with
  • Have the person in an irritable or negative mood, causing them to act more argumentative, angry, and/or disagreeable
  • Can skip classes or school because of difficulty concentrating, low energy and motivation
  • He/she may fake his/her personality outside of home because he/she probably doesn't want anyone to know that they are depressed, and maybe they want to be happy for themselves too; not acting so gloomy all the time. Although, there will be certain times that he/she will remain "unusually" silent/quiet.

How is it diagnosed?

  • Peer pressure
  • Abuse from surrounding environments (mental, physical, emotional)
  • Stress from work, school, other peers, or other activities that discourage the person(s) from something

How is it treated?

  • Psychiatry
  • Therapy
  • Psychology
  • Counseling
  • Special medication(s) prescribed by doctors

Interesting (yet depressing) Facts

  • Depression can be inherited through genes, based on family history of different illnesses. They can be passed on, and especially for twins, their share 100% of the same genes, so if one of the twins has certain symptoms of depression, the other twin may feel the same way. Non-identical twins share 50% of their genes, (twins who do NOT look alike) has a lower case of major depression because identical twins share 100% of the genes.
  • For depression, 50% of it is from genetics, and the other 50% is from physical or psychological factors (Abuse and peer pressure can be examples).
  • Heritability (genetics) is 40-50% of the main cause for severe depression, and sometimes, the chances can be higher.