Cognitive and Language

Differences between cognitive and language characteristics

Memory Issues:

Cognitive:

  • Can’t remember names quickly
  • Struggle to remember sequences of numbers or letters
  • Can easily forget or lose things
  • Forget basic information

Language:

  • Has trouble remembering the information during short or long time

Pragmatics Issues:

Language:


  • Misinterpret social cues
  • Inappropriate or off-topic comments
  • Unorganized way to story tell


Cognitive:


  • Trouble socially interacting with peers
  • Have social problem, such as, can’t make or keep friends
  • They can’t understand why they are rejected by their peers
  • Target for bullying

Attention Issues:

Cognitive:

  • Can be distracted fast and lose attention
  • Has hard time focusing on academic tasks
  • Their lack of focus can be due to hyperactivity and excessive movement

Language:

  • Difficulty to learn the numbers, colors, shapes, alphabet, days
  • Difficulty in classroom discussions
  • Difficulty expressing needs and wants
  • Problems on learning basic math

Learning Styles:

Cognitive:

  • By when they are 4 month old they explore objects with fingers, hands, toes
  • By age 1 pretends to play
  • Between 3 – 4 years old learns with cause and effect in play

Language:

  • Side by side sessions with the SLP in the classroom (Walker, 2014).

Academic Issues:

Cognitive:

  • 90% of the students that have a learning disability are in Special Education due to reading problems
  • Most of the students with LD have specific reading disability called Dyslexia
  • Difficulty with numerical reasoning and calculation (Heward, 2010)

Language:

  • Trouble understanding math problems and solve them
  • Difficulty understanding how the letters are represented by the sounds of speech
  • Don’t have enough vocabulary to understand what they are reading and link it to an experience (Rosenberg, 2010)

References

Heward, W. (2010, December 8). Characteristics of Learning Disabilities in Students. Retrieved from Education: http://www.education.com/reference/article/characteristics-learning-disabilities/


Rosenberg, M. (2010, July 2010). Primary Characteristics of Students with Learning Disabilities. Retrieved from Education: http://www.education.com/reference/article/primary-characteristics-students/


Walker, E. (2014, August 20). Difference between cognitive and language characteristics . Retrieved from https://prezi.com/qxjx7t4kouw0/difference-between-cognitive-and-language-characteristics-of/