Auschwitz

By: Wyatt Brown

Auschwitz I

Facts and Statistics

  • Approximately one in six Jews that died in the Holocaust died at Auschwitz.
  • Auschwitz was originally built to hold Polish political prisoners.
  • Only 144 prisoners ever escaped successfully.
  • There were almost 200,000 prisoners at Auschwitz that were not even Jewish.

Daily Life of Prisoners

  • The prisoners labored for approximately 11 to 12 hours a day.
  • If you needed to use the restroom you were limited to 10 seconds.
  • The prisoners were woken up before sunsrise and forced to make their unsanitary to the satisfaction of the guard. If the making of the bed did not meet the satisfaction of the guard the prisoner was beaten.
  • In the morning they had their morning roll call. This roll call was outside in the rain and the snow. The prisoners had to protection from the precipitation as all they had to wear was a meager rag. This roll call could last up to four hours.
  • They had a second roll call after breakfast (just enough food to keep them alive) that was announced by a siren.
  • In the evening they had their third four hour roll call of the day.
  • At night their was a penal roll call; which was an all-night roll call for prisoners that needed additional punishment. These roll calls included beatings and shootings.

Auschwitz II

Facts and Statictics

  • Birkenau started running after the main camp; it was similar, but a lot of the "showers" were actually gas chambers.
  • Between January 1942 and March 1943, 175,000 Jews were gassed to death here, of whom 105,000 were killed from January to March 1943.
  • Only about 10 percent of Jewish transports were registered, disinfected, shaven and showered before being assigned barracks as opposed to being sent directly to the death chambers.
  • One gas chamber could hold 4,420 people.