Litoria Piperata

Pepperd Tree Frog

Peppered tree frog's habitat :

Peppered tree frog can be found in the northern side of New South Whales. The habitat of a Peppered Tree frog can vary from places such as open forests, rocky streams and wet sclerophyll forests (sclerophyll is a woody plant with evergreen leaves that are tough and thick). Scientists have also found Litoria Piperata in stream side vegetation, under rocks and fallen timber along rocky streams.

Taxonomy of the pepperd tree frog :

The scientific name for the pepperd tree frog is Litoria Piperata. This frog is part of the:

Animalia kingdom,

Chordata phylum,

Amphibia class,

Anura order,

Hylidae family,

Litoria genus and the

green leaf tree frog.

Its common name is the pepperd tree frog. The pepperd tree frog is critically endangerd. We could not find a audio rcording of the pepperd tree frog or any infomation about is mating call.

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Reproduction and lifestyle:

The frog starts off as a ting egg after 4 days the egg starts to form shape. The egg hatches at day 6 as a tadpole with external gills. Slowly the tadpole over 75 days plus turns into a tadpole with internal gills. Then the tail shortens and more changes occur. 90 days plus the tadpole has grown functional lungs and has turned into a frog. Three years after the egg has formed the frog is mature and ready to mate. Once it finds its partner it reproduces and the female lays eggs. The male fertilizes the eggs and new life cycle begins. Tadpoles are different to frogs because they unlike frogs need water to survive and have gills instead of lungs. Tadpoles swim in water but frogs live on land. Water is necessary to a Tadpoles survival because tadpoles live in water and need to drink it also they breathe in water and would not survive on land. Peppered tree frogs lay eggs like any other amphibian and produce tadpoles that turn into frogs.
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Food and predators :

What frogs in general eat:
- worms
- large frogs and toads are carnivores so therefore eat meat
- small to medium frogs eat insects such as flies, mosquitoes, moths and dragon flies
- larger frogs eat larger insects such as grasshoppers and large worms
- some large frogs also eat small mice, baby turtles and even smaller frogs!
Predators to frogs are:
- snakes, lizards, birds, shrews, raccoon's, foxes, otters and weasels all eat frogs
- under water frogs are in danger by fish, turtles and water birds
- humans also eat frogs

Threats to survival :

Humans have been eating and hunting the peppered tree frog up until Queensland and new south wales put it under protection. This is one of the reasons as to why the peppered tree frog is critically endangered. The last spotting of the Litoria piperata was in 1973. Predators such as snakes, lizards, birds, shrews, raccoon,s, foxes, otters and weasels eat the peppered tree frog and is one of the other reasons the peppered tree frog is critically endangered. A biological indicator species is a species that defines a trait or characteristic of the environment. E.g. it is a prey for animals or it catches a disease. A frog would be a good example of a biological indicator because it suffer from different environmental issues.

Bibliography :

Peppered tree frog, image, accessed 25 October 2015, <http://amphibianrescue.org/tag/pepper-tree-frog/>.

Cycle of frog life, image, accessed 25 October 2015, <http://www.scienceclarified.com/Al-As/Amphibians.html>.

Peppered tree frog 2015, accessed 19 October 2015, <http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/sprat/public/publicspecies.pl?taxon_id=1827>.

Peppered tree frog 2015, accessed 19 October 2015, <http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/12151/0>.

What do frogs eat 2015, accessed 22 October 2015, <https://www.google.com.au/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=what%20do%20frogs%20eat>.

All about frogs 2007, accessed 22 October 2015, <http://www.aitc.sk.ca/saskschools/animals/frogs3.html>

Threats to survival 2007, accessed 22 October 2015, <http://www.savethefrogs.com/threats/>