Sons of Genghis Khan
Chagatai Khan, the second son, ruled Kashgaria for 14 years.
Ogedei was the third and favorite son of Genghis. He later became his father's successor. Ogedei set up places of worship for many religions in the capitol and got the empire to it's farthest extent west.
Tolui, the last son, was too young to help in battle during his father's rise, so he helped govern the homeland.
Buddhism grew popular in the Mongolian upper class. The Mongols hired several Tibetan Buddhist monks to help them govern China and promote Buddhist interests.
Mongols had to pick a side for the conflicts between Buddhists and Daoists, and they sided heavily with the Buddhists. In 1281, Khubilai Khan met with leaders of both religions, but ended up just imposing heavy restrictions on Daoists.
Starting in the Song dynasty, Neo-Confucianism was the official religion and influenced the government heavily. This ended with the dynastic system in the 20th century.
The Golden Age
- Poetry - During the Chinese Tang Dynasty, over 48,000 poems were written, often detailing themes of nature and friendship. Li Bo and Du Fu are some of the most famous poets.
- Ceramics and Painting - Landscape paintings peaked during the Song and Mongol dynasties. They were heavily influenced by Daoist views. The Chinese worked with porcelain in the Tang Dynasty.
Life in the mongol army
Men were expected to be fighters while women cooked and did domestic jobs.