Bone Cancer

Peter Anton Period 7/8

What is Bone Cancer?

Bone cancer is a cancerous tumor in the bones that destroys bone tissue. However, not all bone tumors are cancerous. Benign tumors are more common than malignant tumors in the bones. Bone cancer is much less common than other cancers that spread through the body.
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What are the Signs and Symptoms of Bone Cancer?

Pain is the most common symptom of bone cancer, however, not all bone cancer causes pain. Swelling and pain near a bone can be caused by cancer. Bone cancer is not preventable.
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What are the Causes of Bone Cancer?

  • high dose radiation
  • anticancer drugs (children are more susceptible)
  • heredity
  • metal implants (to repair fractures)

What are the Treatments for Bone Cancer?

  • Surgery

The most common treatment, most patients need reconstructive surgery to repair the bone that had the cancer

  • Chemotherapy

Patients with bone cancer typically receive a combination of anti-cancer drugs

  • Radiation Therapy

The use of focused radiation to shrink and kill cancer cells

  • Cryosurgery

The use of liquid nitrogen to freeze and kill cancer cells

How is Bone Cancer Diagnosed?

  • Biopsy

A biopsy is a sample of tissue that is observed under a microscope

  • X-ray

Cancerous tumors will most likely show up on an x-ray of a bone

  • CT Scan

A ct scan produces detailed images of your body

  • MRI Scan

An MRI scan uses radio waves and magnets to create a detailed image of your body

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How Common is Bone Cancer?

Bone cancer accounts for less than 1% of cancers. Only 2,300 cases are diagnosed each year. Osteosarcoma is most common between ages 10 and 19, Chondrosarcoma is most common in older adults (40+), and ESFTs occur in adolescents and children under 19. Boys are more affected than girls and it is extremely rare in African Americans.