Kushites

Mac Cranmer Thomas Johnson

Time period

The kingdom of kushites existed around 1000 bc to 370 ad

Geographic location


GEOGRAPHY

Kush (also known as Nubia) was the empire to the south of Egypt. Kush was built in at the base of the mountains, at the start of the Nile River. They didn't have to worry, as the Egyptians did, about the annual flooding of the Nile to bring good soil. They had good soil. They enjoyed plenty of rainfall all year long to keep things fresh and growing.

Advanced cities

Major cities

Napata,Meroe, kerma was a major center of trade

Thebes was an Egyptian city which the kushites conquered

All of the cities were in the middle of trade so it became very easy to trade with other people


The people who lived their were called the milo sharan or the Nubians

Social structure

The social structure is like the caste system but the people are more equal to each other


1. The pharaoh had ultimate say on everything he is the leader

2. Priests and nobles had the respect of the king/pharaoh

3. Traders/artisans/scribes they were very important in the society

4. Farmers hearders fed the cities and was rewarded

5. Unskilled workers were slaves, orphans and prisoners

Because most of the people in the kingdom of kush were treated fair everyone did their job the best they could.

Religon of the kingdom of kush

They were known as polytheistic which means they believed in more than one god.

They adopted the religion from the ancient Egyptians. Because of the influence of the Egyptians they believed in the after life. The mountain of jebel Markell which means the holy mountain was a very important place at the time. They held many ceremonies to celebrate the after life.

Goverment

Goverment was run by the king/Pharos but the preists had the kings respect the goverment copied the Egyptian goverment. The inharentence lines passes through the throne of the females.

System of writing

Because the kingdom of kushites was greatly influenced by the Egyptians. They wrote in hieroglyphics just like the Egyptians. The big thing about their writing system was only the upper class would be able to read and write. For example the farmers and unskilled workers could not read or write but the traders, preists, and Pharos could read and write
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Technology advancements

The technology in the kingdom of kush was fairly simple. They were the first to understand how to use iron as weapons. This allowed them to protect them selfs and have a good source of hunting. They also had the basic mining and farming tools. This shows they were allowed to survive with the skills to farm.

Major historical events

1. Declared independence from Egypt became their own kingdom.

2. King piye invaded egypt and took over and became known as the 25th dynasty

3. Egypt re took over kushites forcing the people to migrate to its original land.

4. When the kingdom of kushites was deafeated by the king of Axum

Rise and fall of the kingdom of kushites.

They separated from the Egyptians around 1000 bc. This gave them the ability to be free and create their own kingdom. The down fall started when the Assyrians came into the north part of kushites. This forced the people to migrate to another city of Meroe. The kingdom of kush survived for nearly 1000 years.

Primary Source

Bible was the primary source for our topic. They talk about kush and the land of kush in genesis 10:6.

Conclusion

The kingdom of kush was a very important kingdom. Not only did they defeat the Egyptians, they declared their own independence creating their own kingdom. They were the first also to understand how to use iron as a weapon after this other kingdoms started using them as well. Overall the kingdom of kush was a very successful kingdom.
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"The Wealth of the Kush." British Museum. N.p., 1 Apr. 2009. Web. 17 Sept. 2014. <http://www.britishmuseum.org/pdf/KingdomOfKush_StudentsWorksheets.pdf>.




Wilford, John Noble. "Scholars Race to Recover A Lost Kingdom on the Nile." The New York Times. The New York Times, 18 June 2007. Web. 21 Sept. 2014.









    Wilford, John Noble. "Scholars Race to Recover A Lost Kingdom on the Nile." The New York Times. The New York Times, 18 June 2007. Web. 21 Sept. 2014.







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