What is a Tranquilizer?

  • The main purpose is to reduce states of mental disturbance
  • Minor- more common, used to treat anxiety, depression and sleep disorders
  • Major- used to reduce hallucinations

How its Put in the Body

  • Ingested through pill or capsule form
  • Prescription only

Slang Names

  • Downers
  • Sleeping pills
  • Candy
  • Tranks
  • Serax
  • Yellows
  • Reds
  • Demmies
  • Yellow jackets
  • Red birds

How it Effects the Body- Short Term

  • Relieves anxiety
  • Can induce sleep
  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Headaches
  • Skin rashes

How it Effects the Body- Long Term

  • The more the dose the more the person is sedated
  • Decreased motivation
  • Loss or increase of appetite
  • Disturbing dreams

Tranquilizer Abuse

  • Lose interest in school or work priorities
  • Lose interest in activities once enjoyed
  • May result in anorexia (the person refuses to eat enough food)


  • Each dose gets bigger to create the same calming effect
  • May cause shaky hands, memory loss, excesive sleepinness