Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Development and Historal Context

Prominent Figures

Jean Piaget- child development and the complex role environment played on cognitive structure (Hergenhahn & Henley, 2014).

Noam Chomsky- posits that children are born with physiological structures in the brain that assist in helping them develop language skills (Hergenhahn & Henley, 2014).

Gestalt psychology also played an influential role in cognitive psychology's growth.

Cognitive Revolution

George Miller and Jerome Bruner- founded Center for Cognitive Studies at Harvard (Hergenhahn & Henley, 2014).

Ulric Neisser- produced second edition of Cognition and Reality (Hergenhahn & Henley, 2014).

Alan Turning- developed the idea of artificial intelligence

Connectionism

Hebb's rule- "If neurons are successively or simultaneously active, the strength of the connections among them increases" (Hergenhahn & Henley, 2014, p. 601).

Neural Networks- input, hidden, and output (Hergenhahn & Henley, 2014)

Back-Propagation Systems- "reinforcement as feedback" (Hergenhahn & Henley, 2014, p. 603)

References

Berkeley, G. (1997). History of cognitive psychology. Retrieved from http://www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/cognitiv.htm.

Hergenhahn, B. R., & Henley, T. B. (2014). An introduction to the history of psychology (7th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth-Cengage.


University of California-Berkely. (2015). Cognitive science. Retrieved from http://cogsci.berkeley.edu/.