saturn

davene hines

Is saturn terrestrial or jovian

Saturn, along with Jupiter, Uranus and Neptune, is classified as a gas giant. Together, these four planets are sometimes referred to as the Jovian, meaning "Jupiter-like", planets.

what is the length of years an the planet saturn

It takes Saturn 10,832 Earth days to complete one orbit around the Sun. That means the answer to ”how long is a year on Saturn” is 29.7 Earth years. The length of Saturn’s year is a direct effect of its orbital distance from the Sun. Saturn orbits at an average of 1.43 billion km, or 9.58 AU, from the Sun.

what is the length of a day on the planet saturn

A day on Saturn is 10.7 hours, and a year is equivalent to 29 Earth years or 10,832 days. The length of the day is calculated from the planet's rotational speed, while scientists determine the length of a year by observing Saturn's orbit.

how many moon does saturn have

Saturn’s moons have such a variety of environments between them that you’d be forgiven for wanting to spend an entire mission just looking at its satellites. From the orangy, hazy Titan to the icy plumes emanating from Enceladus, studying Saturn’s system gives us plenty of things to think about.

Not only that, the moon discoveries keep on coming. As of April 2014, there are 62 known satellites of Saturn (excluding its spectacular rings, of course).

does the planet has rings an what is it made of?

Saturn is sometimes called the ”Jewel of the Solar System” because its ring system looks like a crown. The rings are well known, but often the question ”what are Saturn’s rings made of” arises. Those rings are made up of dust, rock, and ice accumulated from passing comets, meteorite impacts on Saturn’s moons, and the planet’s gravity pulling material from the moons. Some of the material in the ring system are as small as grains of sand, others are larger than tall buildings, while a few are up to a kilometer across. Deepening the mystery about the moons is the fact that each ring orbits at a different speed around the planet

what is the composition of the atmosphere

Saturn is approximately 75% hydrogen and 25% helium with traces of other substances like methane and water ice.

Saturn's atmosphere, although similar to Jupiter's, is much less interesting to look at from a distance. But enhanced-colour images (shown above) allow us to study the bands across which run parallel to the equator much like Jupiter's, indicating violent winds.

Saturn is one of the windiest places in the Solar System, and wind speeds have been clocked at a staggering 1800 kilometres per hour at the equator. Occasionally, violent 'white' storms break through the cloud layers, each one bigger than Earth. The last of these was observed by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope in 1994. Smaller storms occur as darker spots, and have been shown in recent Cassini-Huygens images.

There are three regions in Saturn's troposhere (the part of the atmosphere where 'weather' occurs) where clouds of a particular kind, or 'cloud decks', are to be found.

what is the average temperature range(high and low)

With an average temperature of minus 288 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 178 degrees Celsius), Saturn is a pretty cool planet. Although there are some small differences as one travels from the equator to the poles, much of Saturn's temperature variation is horizontal. This is because most of the planet's heat comes from its interior, rather than from the sun.

what are 3 distinguishing characteristics of the planet?

The most notable characteristic of Saturn is its large and complex ring system. But Saturn is also a gas giant whose surface is made up of mostly hydrogen. As it sinks deeper into the Saturnian atmosphere, the hydrogen becomes more and more dense until it becomes metallic.

two missions that have explored the planet and the date they launched




Mission Country Launch Date Arrival DateTypeEncounter Characteristics


Pioneer 11USAApril 6, 1973September 1, 1979FlybyTransmitted low-resolution images and other data about Saturn.
Discovered additional rings and moons not previously known

Voyager 1USASeptember 5, 1977November 13, 1980Flyby900 images of Saturn's moons
Major discoveries were the unexpected complexity of the rings and the true nature of Titan's atmosphere.

Voyager 2USAAugust 20, 1977August 26, 1981Flyby1150 images of Saturn's moons
Had a scan platform malfunction, yet virtually all objectives were met.

CassiniUSA, ESA, ItalyOctober 13, 1997July 1, 2004Orbiter/Atmospheric probe12 science experiments will help scientists understand Saturn's moons, rings, atmosphere, and magnetosphere.
Huygens, an atmospheric probe carried aboard Cassini, will parachute through Titan's atmosphere.

the mythology behind the name of saturn

Saturn was named after the Roman god of agriculture and harvest. While the planet may have gotten its name from its golden color, like a field of wheat, it also had to do with its position in the sky. According to mythology, the god Saturn stole the position of king of the gods from his father Uranus. The throne was then stolen by Jupiter.