Greek Cultural Contributions

Tiffany Sinn

Architecture

Greek architecture is known for its columns. There are three types of columns: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. Other types of Greek art included pottery, sculptures, and paintings. Every city-state had a temple that was dedicated to a specific god. They went there to worship and make sacrifices. Some leaders like Pericles and Alexander the Great spread the Greek architecture throughout Europe.

We see Greek influence in architecture today in important buildings. The White House, Capitol Building, Supreme Court and the Lincoln Memorial all have columns that show Greek influence.

Government

The Greeks had a direct democracy which means that everyone could share their opinions, and everyone 18 and older were allowed to vote. The leaders and the council were chosen by lottery (drew names out of a hat), and leaders changed every year. Males that were older than 18, and who's parents were Athenian citizens could be leaders. The male citizens were expected to have 2 years of military service. At the age 30 is when people had to start paying taxes. There was a lot of slavery in Ancient Greece. Some of the wars that occurred were "The Ionian", "First Persian", "Peloponnesian", "Archidamian", Sicilian", and "The Decelean War."

Some ways that Ancient Greek government is reflected in today's society is that we too have a democracy government (People can vote). To participate in government you have to be 18 or older. Also Presidents/Leaders have term limits today.

Sports

All free male Greek citizens were expected to play the sports. Some of the sports that they played were jumping, discus throw, wrestling, boxing, pankration, horse and chariot races, running, pentathlon, javelin, mule cart racing, and weight lifting. Men, boys, unmarried women, and gods were allowed to watch the sports ceremony. Part of why they did sports is because they (the Greeks) believed that physical fitness and metal discipline was one way of honoring Zeus.

Some ways that Greek sports are reflected in today's society are that we are the Olympics, which are similar to the sports that they played. Also, at fairs we see horse racing in which they also did too.

Mythology

Greek mythology was used to explain nature. Some mythological heroes of ancient Greece were Hercules, Theseus, Odysseus, Perceus, Jason, Atalanta, and Achilles. Homer and Aesop were the ones that wrote mythology. According to the ancient Greeks, they believed that after they died they would go to the underworld to be judged.

Some books that we have today that are Greek mythology are Percy Jackson and Hercules. We also still study ancient Greek mythology today.

Philosophy

Some philosophers in ancient Greece are Parmenides, Anaxgoras, Anayimander,Plato, Socrates and Zeno. Zeno taught that the universe is one. Plato taught that nothing ever changed. Socrates taught that you shouldn't pretend to be something that you're not. Some books that they wrote are Nicomachean Ethics and The Republic. Some questions that Greek philosophers tried to answer were: who are we, how can we be happy, does the universe have a purpose, what is wisdom, and how should we live our lives. They were treated well and were paid well. Most people were afraid of them, including the government.

We still see doctors using the Hippocratic Oath. We use some math skills today like the PI, pythagoreum thereom, and we still study geometry.