Case Comparison: Free Speech
Tinker v. Des Moines & Texas v. Johnson
Tinker v. Des Moines
OverviewJohn and Mary Beth Tinker were students in Des Moines, Iowa, who were suspended for refusing to remove the black armbands they wore to protest against American involvement in the Vietnam War.
The Supreme Court ruled that wearing the armbands are a legal representation of symbolic speech and that forcing the students to remove the armbands violates the First Amendment of the United States Constitution.
Texas v. Johnson
OverviewWhile at a Republican National Convention, Gregory Johnson doused an American Flag in kerosene and set it on fire.Many witnesses claimed that the incident offended them and Johnson was then arrested.
The Supreme Court ruled that Johnson's flag burning was a from of symbolic speech and is protected by the First Amendment of the United States Constitution.