Chrons Disease

Kevin Gonzalez,Mirka Hernandez, Jari Taveras

Description

Crohn's disease is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It usually affects the intestines, but may occur anywhere from the mouth to the end of the rectum (anus).

Signs/Symbols

The main symptoms of Crohn's disease include:

  • Belly pain. The pain often is described as cramping and intermittent, and the belly may be sore when touched. ...
  • Diarrhea. ...
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Fever. ...
  • Weight loss. ...
  • Too few red blood cells (anemia). ...
  • Small tears in the anus (anal fissures) that may go away, but come back again

Cause of disease

The causes of Chrons disease are not known.Research suggests that a malfunctioning immune system, genetics, and environment may be factors in the development of the disease.

Diagnosis

  • Barium X-rays and other X-rays.
  • CT scans.
  • Colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy.
  • Video capsule endoscopy
  • Prognosis

    Diarreah, often bloody and containing mucus or pus
  • Weight loss
  • Fever
  • Abdominal pain and tenderness
  • Feeling of a mass or fullness in the abdomen
  • Rectal bleeding
  • References

    Dessein R, Chamaillard M, Danese S (2008). "Innate Immunity in Crohnʼs Disease". Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology

    Cho JH, Brant SR (2011). "Recent Insights into the Genetics of Inflammatory Bowel Disease". Gastroenterology