The Bill of Rights

by Tyler Lee, Williams p6, 12-17-14

What are the Bill of Rights?

The Bill of Rights is the first ten amendments to the Constitution. They list the rights that belong to all Americans.

1st Amendment: Freedom of Speech, the Press, and Religion

No one can stop you from speaking out against anybody, and you can follow any religion you want.

Court Case: Ramos vs. Town of Vernon

The town of Vernon declared a curfew to reduce crime, but they couldn't prove that crime was actually a problem during the curfew. Ramos spoke against this, and he won when the law was declared unconstitutional.

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2nd Amendment: Right to Bear Arms

Anyone can own guns for the safety of the country.

Court Case: Bliss vs. Commonwealth

Kentucky's legislature passed a law against concealed weapons. Bliss was arrested for concealing a sword in his cane. However, he won, as he explained that the government can't question a citizen's right to bear arms.

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3rd Amendment: Right to Privacy in the Home

No soldier can come into someone's house and have the right to be taken care of by te owner of the property.

Court Case: Ramirez de Arellano vs. Weinberger

Ramirez claimed that the Secretaries of State and Defense were using his land to conduct military operations without his permission.

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4th Amendment: Unreasonable Search and Seizure

No police official can come into your property, look through your stuff, and take some without a good reason and a search warrant.

Court Case: Boyd vs. The United States

When Boyd wasn't delivering the right amount of glass to the government, they demanded that he give them every last piece of it. However, he won the trial, saying that he was forced seizure of property.

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5th Amendment: Double Jeopardy, Self-Incrimination, and Due Process of Laws

The Grand Jury can decide if you could be charged for a capitol crime, and if not, you can only be accused once.

Court Case: Brown vs. Ohio

The defendant, Brown, was put on trial twice. The first time, he was joyriding in a car, and the second time, he stole the same car. However, this was ruled as a double jeopardy.

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6th Amendment: Rights of the Accused in Criminal Cases

You can't wait in jail for a trial to happen. It will also be public and fair for both sides.

Court Case: Pointer vs. Texas

Pointer was accused of theft at gunpoint, but he wasn't allowed to confront his accuser, which was against the public and fair rules of the 6th amendment.

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7th Amendment: Right to a Jury Trial

A jury can settle court cases involving lots of money, or originally $20, which was a lot back then.

Court Case: Feltner vs. Columbia Pictures TV inc.

Columbia sued Feltner for broadcasting the programs for copyright infringement. They were right because the copyright act granted a right to a jury trial when Columbia Pictures elected to recover damages.

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8th Amendment: Preventing Cruel and Unusual Punishment

You shouldn't pay unreasonable prices to get out of jail, or go through punishments.

Court Case: Gregg vs. Georgia

When Troy Gregg was convicted of murder several different times, the state originally sentenced him to death. However, it was reviewed and denied by the Supreme Court, who ruled the punishment unconstitutional.

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9th Amendment: Rights Retained by the People

The laws in the Bill of Rights aren't your only rights. Just because they aren't here doesn't mean the government can take your rights away.

Court Case: Roe vs. Wade

Weddington and Coffee wanted to overturn antiabortion laws made by Texas courts, which aren't stated in the Bill of Rights, is still protected.

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10th Amendment: Limiting Federal Powers

The states can have certain rights, as long as it doesn't say that the states can't do them.

Court Case: Hammer vs Dagenhart

Roland Dagenhart argued that the new law that forebode shipment of products made by child laborers was unconstitutional and that the government shouldn't tell people how to run their businesses.

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