The Bill of Rights
by Tyler Lee, Williams p6, 12-17-14
What are the Bill of Rights?
1st Amendment: Freedom of Speech, the Press, and Religion
Court Case: Ramos vs. Town of Vernon
The town of Vernon declared a curfew to reduce crime, but they couldn't prove that crime was actually a problem during the curfew. Ramos spoke against this, and he won when the law was declared unconstitutional.
2nd Amendment: Right to Bear Arms
Court Case: Bliss vs. Commonwealth
Kentucky's legislature passed a law against concealed weapons. Bliss was arrested for concealing a sword in his cane. However, he won, as he explained that the government can't question a citizen's right to bear arms.
3rd Amendment: Right to Privacy in the Home
Court Case: Ramirez de Arellano vs. Weinberger
Ramirez claimed that the Secretaries of State and Defense were using his land to conduct military operations without his permission.
4th Amendment: Unreasonable Search and Seizure
Court Case: Boyd vs. The United States
When Boyd wasn't delivering the right amount of glass to the government, they demanded that he give them every last piece of it. However, he won the trial, saying that he was forced seizure of property.
5th Amendment: Double Jeopardy, Self-Incrimination, and Due Process of Laws
Court Case: Brown vs. Ohio
The defendant, Brown, was put on trial twice. The first time, he was joyriding in a car, and the second time, he stole the same car. However, this was ruled as a double jeopardy.
6th Amendment: Rights of the Accused in Criminal Cases
Court Case: Pointer vs. Texas
Pointer was accused of theft at gunpoint, but he wasn't allowed to confront his accuser, which was against the public and fair rules of the 6th amendment.
7th Amendment: Right to a Jury Trial
Court Case: Feltner vs. Columbia Pictures TV inc.
Columbia sued Feltner for broadcasting the programs for copyright infringement. They were right because the copyright act granted a right to a jury trial when Columbia Pictures elected to recover damages.
8th Amendment: Preventing Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Court Case: Gregg vs. Georgia
When Troy Gregg was convicted of murder several different times, the state originally sentenced him to death. However, it was reviewed and denied by the Supreme Court, who ruled the punishment unconstitutional.
9th Amendment: Rights Retained by the People
Court Case: Roe vs. Wade
Weddington and Coffee wanted to overturn antiabortion laws made by Texas courts, which aren't stated in the Bill of Rights, is still protected.
10th Amendment: Limiting Federal Powers
Court Case: Hammer vs Dagenhart
Roland Dagenhart argued that the new law that forebode shipment of products made by child laborers was unconstitutional and that the government shouldn't tell people how to run their businesses.