By: Mariah, Karlee, Tyler
- Judaism was created in c. 2000 B.C.E. It is rooted near the eastern region of Canaan (Isreal.)
- The Torah was givin to God by Moses on mount Sinai.
- The main difference between Christianity and Judaism is that Jewish people do not believe that Jesus is the "promised mesiah"
- There are about 15,000,000 people following judaism today.
Symbol of Judaism
- Five books of the Hebrew bible (tanakh) containing stories and laws it is carried around by Jews a lot.
Symbol of Judaism
- a small four-sided spinning top with a Hebrew letter on each side, used by the Jews.
- gambling game played especially at Hanukkah.
The 5 W's
Abraham isac and Jacob are the founders of Judaism. Although Abraham is the most well known and is often refered to as the "father of the Jewish faith."
When was Judaism founded?
Judaism was founded about 4000 years ago in the land of Canaan, which is now called Israel.
Where is judaism practiced?
Judaism is practiced mostly in Israel but also in small areas of north and South America Europe and Asia.
What do they believe ?
The three main ideas of Judaism are God, Torah, and Israel.
- God: they believe that there is only one God.
- Torah: the Torah is a book that is often carried by Jews, it holds stories and laws and the Jews must follow.
- Isreal: In the Torah it is stated that abram was told go leave his home and go to Isreal.
There are three sacred texts, The Torah, The tanakh, and The Talmud
In the Torah there are 10 main commandments along with 613 other commandments.
- "I am the Lord your God
- You shall not recognize the gods of others in My presence
- You shall not take the Name of the Lord your God in vain
- Remember the day of shabbat to keep it holy
- Honor your father and your mother
- You shall not murder
- You shall not commit adultery
- You shall not steal
- Do not give false testimony against your neighbor
- You shall not covet your fellow's possessions"
Why was judaism founded?
Judaism was founded by Abraham who led people out of Egypt into the land of Canaan. When they got to Canaan Abraham went to the top of Mount Sinai and received the Ten Commandments. When he came back down with the commandments and unveiled them to the people and many of them base an to believe in e Jewish faith.
Main beliefs of Judaism.
Thirteen principals of faith.
These were written by Marc Shapiro.
- " G-d exists "
- "G-d is one and unique "
- "G-d is incorporeal "
- "G-d is eternal "
- "Prayer is to be directed to G-d alone and to no other "
- "The words of the prophets are true "
- "Moses' prophecies are true, and Moses was the greatest of the prophets "
- "The Written Torah (first 5 books of the Bible) and Oral Torah (teachings now contained in the Talmud and other writings) were given to Moses "
- "There will be no other Torah "
- "G-d knows the thoughts and deeds of men "
- "G-d will reward the good and punish the wicked "
- "The Messiah will come "
The reason that many Jews write G-d instead of God is so that they can erase or dispose of the we rioting without showing disrespect to God
- Jews believe that all people are created "b'tzelem Elohim" which means in Gods image.
- Judaism believes that the messiah will bring peace to humanity.
- The messiah as said to be a descendent of King David.
- Jews in general are concerned with the well being of humanity.
There are three main things in the Torah that talk about the after life
Olam Ha Ba - this translates as the life to come. Jews belive that those who live a righteous life with be resurrected to enjoy a second life after the messiah comes.
Gehenna- this is basically an explanation of how "bad people" will be dealt with. Gehenna is a place of punishment for immoral people, however it is limited to twelve months. They also belive that even if you are at the fates of gene nah you can repent and enter Gan Eden. Even if you choose not to repent by the time your twelve months is up you are said to be pure enough to enter Gan Eden.
Gan Eden- Gan Eden is a paradise for those who lived a righteous life.
Special rituals and practices
- Hanukah is celebrated by Jewish people instead of Christmas to celebrate the reeducation of the Jewish temple in Jerusalem. Hanukah actually translates to dedication. It is celebrated on the 25 of Kislev ( which is like December for us).
- Bar/bat mitzvah- this is a ceremony welcoming a young person into adulthood. During these ceremonies a young person will usually recite a blessing from the Torah and reads the haftora ( the Torah portion for that week). The young person also gives a speech.
- Simchat Bat - A Baby-naming ceremony that traditionally took place in the synagogue, but have recently been done in the home of the family. The mother or father sill read a passage from the Torah to bless the child on the first shabbot after his/ her birth. (Shabbot is a day of rest)
Isreal/ land of Canaan
- Jews wear the yarmukle while studying, prayer, and eating to show respect to God.
- . Abraham is widely known as the founder of Judaism
Isreal/ land of Canaan
- Isreal is where judaism is the most practiced.
A menora is used to celebrate hanukah, a candle is lit for each day.
- A collection of many Jewish laws and traditions.