Civil War Battles
Civil War Battles Project
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On April 12th, 1861 the Confederacy took fire on the Union in Fort Sumpter which is located in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. This battle is what set the Civil War in motion. The commander for the Union was Robert Anderson. The commander for the Confederacy was P.G.T Beauregard. 580 soldiers participated in this battle, with 500 soldiers on the Confederacy and 8o soldiers on the Union. No one was killed in the battle of Fort Sumpter, The Union eventually surrendered realizing that they were severely out numbered.
Under the command of George McCellan the Union conducted powerful assaults on Robert E. Lee’s forces near Sharpsburg, Maryland. This battle took place September 16th 1862 and lasted until September 18th 1862. The Union made 3 major assaults in this battle. This was on of the bloodiest battles in the Civil War and in American history. This battle ended in a draw. The Confederate retreat gave President Lincoln the “victory” he needed to issue the Emancipation Proclamation. There were 131,000 soldiers who fought in this battle and out of 131,000 there were 22,717 casualties.
This battle lasted through May and July of 1863. Ulysses S. Grant trapped the Confederate army in the city of Vicksburg. This was considered one of the most brilliant military campaigns in the Civil War. The Confederate Army was already split in half as a result of the loss of Pemberton’s army. The win boosted Gran’t confidence which ultimately led him to become General-in-Chief of the Union army. There was a total of 110,00 soldiers fighting in this battle and as a result, 37,402 men were killed.
This battle took place in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania and lasted from July 1st 1863 to July 3rd 1863. Robert E. Lee waited for George G. Meade’s forces and on July 1st the Union army fought against the confederates, but the Confederates were pushing back against the Iron Brigade, they had a weak Federal Line at Barlow’s Knoll. On July 2nd, Lee striked the Union flanks. Southerners ended uo capturing Devil’s Den and the Peach Orchard, but ultimately failed to dislodge the union defenders. The final day of this battle (July 3rd) the Union kept fighting and trying to make up for lost ground. Lee attacked the Union center on Cemetery Ridge and was repulsed in what is now known as Pickett’s charge. This led to an Union victory. There was a total of 165,620 soldiers fighting in this battle and 51,112 were killed.
Atlanta Battle (Sherman’s March to the Sea)
Right after the loss of Gettysburg, John Bell Hood was hoping to drive the Union from Atlanta into a offensive blow. Hood ordered Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee's corps to make a 15 mile night march in hopes of destroying the Union left flank on July 21st 1864. Hood’s attack failed to dislodge the Union who strengthened their foothold on the doorstep of Atlanta. There was a total of 75,301 soldiers fighting in this battle and there were 9,222 casualties. This battle resulted in a Union victory.
On January 13th 1865, Union forces landed and prepared to attack on Maj. Gen. Robert Hoke’s infantry line. On the 15th of January, a select force moved on the fort from the read which led to a valiant late attack that afternoon. The confederate garrison eventually surrendered which led to a Federal thrust against Wilmington which was the South’s last open seaport on the Atlantic Coast. This battle lasted from January 13th 1865 to January 15th 1865. This battle took place in New Hanover County, North Carolina. The commanders in this battle were Alfred H. Terry and David Porter, who were commanders for the North, and Confederate commanders Braxton Bragg and Robert F. Hoke. There were 9,632 union soldiers and 1,900 confederate soldiers. There were an estimated 1,924 casualties. The Union won this battle.
Appomattox Court House
On April 8th, 1865 the Union cut off the confederates by knowing what and where they’re next move was to be. General Lee tried to escape, after the Union surrounded the confederate troops, but realized that he had lost. Therfore he surrendered the morning of April 9th, 1865. There was a total of 89,285 soldiers fighting in this battle and a total estimated 700 casualties. The south suffered a major loss. This battle marked the end of the Civil War, with a Confederate surrender.