Dominican Republic

Kaul & Bryan

Facts About Dominican Republic


Caribbean, eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti


19 00 N, 70 40 W


total: 48,730 sq km
land: 48,380 sq km
water: 350 sq km

Area comparative:

slightly more than twice the size of New Hampshire

Land boundaries:

total: 360 km
border countries: Haiti 360 km


1,288 km

Maritime claims:

contiguous zone: 24 NM
territorial sea: 6 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM


tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall


rugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Lago Enriquillo -46 m
highest point: Pico Duarte 3,175 m

Natural resources:

nickel, bauxite, gold, silver

Natural hazards:

lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding; periodic droughts

Environment current issues:

water shortages; soil eroding into the sea damages coral reefs; deforestation; Hurricane Georges damage

Geography - note:

shares island of Hispaniola with Haiti (eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic, western one-third is Haiti)

Population of the Dominican Republic


9,507,133 (July 2008 est.)

Age structure:

0-14 years: 32.6% (male 1,531,145/female 1,464,076)
15-64 years: 61.9% (male 2,902,098/female 2,782,608)
65 years and over: 5.5% (male 235,016/female 269,041)

Median age:

24.1 years

Growth rate:


Infant mortality:

28.25 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 71.73 years
male: 70.21 years
female: 73.33 years

Fertility rate:

2.83 children born/woman


noun: Dominican(s)
adjective: Dominican

Ethnic groups:

mixed 73%, white 16%, black 11%


Roman Catholic 95%




definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 84.7%
male: 84.6%
female: 84.8%