The Green Revolution and GMO's

How it has changed what we know as agriculture

The Bengal Famine

The Green Revolution started in poor developing countries, who needed great Agricultural improvements. The Bengal Famine initiated the Green revolution in India. The Bengal Famine was a horrible famine were an estimated 4 Million people died of hunger. It was caused by the British governments lack of concern for India's food production and sustainability, since world 2 was happening. This combined with the fact of India's growing population and the Urban sprawl that is taking place created the disaster that is the Bengal famine. The Bengal famine caused as I said 4 million deaths, increased prices for food, and overall a lack of food for the entire country.

Positive results of Green Revolution

The Green Revolution caused the highest record annual output of grain in Indian history which was 131 million tons in between 1978 and1979, which in turn caused India to become a large well respected agricultural producer. Another positive result of the Green Revolution that directly affected India was the improvement of the yield per unit of farmland, which increased by 30% in 1947 until 1979.

The Green Revolution not only helped India in Agriculture but, also improved economic, sociological, and Political implications as well. One of the positive economic outcomes that took place in India was the creation of Jobs in many aspects of their economy, for example industrial workers, hydro electric power station workers, and workers in the transportation of the agriculture. A big social effect that has stemmed from the good economic environment is the average incomes of these workers, since the food industry is in high demand, many people working in this industry than can therefore charge more for their services, increasing pay. Lastly a positive political implication In India would that they paid back all the loans it had taken out from the World Bank, therefore giving it some finical credible for future endeavors.

Is the Green Revolution really the answer?

Although the Green Revolution has done many great things in India there is no proof that it is fully successful, since many parts of India still suffer from famine. India is also not fully self-sufficient, and still has to import food from other countries. We also must ask if the all of the grain India is producing is really beneficial to its' population, since grain has replaced protein foods like beans as the staple food in India. This drop in protein and rise grains can cause malnutrition, since the energy given to the body form grains is short lived unlike proteins which are made to be stored. The Environment is also suffering from the pesticides and fertilizers used in the Green Revolution. For example Pesticide and Fertilizer runoff from farms has caused a lot of important water resources to be polluted. This not only taints the countries drinking water, and water that can be used in agriculture, but it also kills fish which are an important part of protein that is in the indian diet.