The Five Religions
What is Christianity?
Christianity is the belief that Jesus Christ, God's son, came down from heaven to save everyone's sins. It is believed that the Virgin Mary gave birth to him in a manjor. Christians believe that the afterlife has two parts: heaven and hell. The faith also believes in the Holy Trinity, and guardian angels. Christians get baptized to show their commitment to the faith. Christianity is monotheistic because they only believe in one God. Christians call their God, "God" or "Jesus", because it is believed that Jesus is God's son. Christians use the bible as their holy book, which contains readings and gospels from the time before, during, and after Jesus. Christians celebrate Easter, being when Jesus rose up from the dead after 3 days. Christians also celebrate Christmas being when Jesus was born.
What is Judaism?
Judaism began as a small religion of the Hebrews, and ventured its way up to the present time. The Jews believe in the sane God as Christians and only one God, therefore, they are monotheistic. The Jews believe in a book different from Christians though, which is called the Torah. The Torah is a book all in Hebrew which is read in their temple. Jewish boys and girls have bar and bat mitzvahs which are celebrations indicating they are now adults. Before the actual celebration, the boys and girls have to attend a temple session while they read from the Torah in Hebrew. Instead of Christmas, the Jews believe in Hanukkah. Hanukkah is an 8 day holiday celebrating the rededication of the Holy Temple at the time of the Maccabean Revolt in the second century.
What Is Judaism?
What is Hinduism?
Hinduism is a monotheistic religion. They believe in a God named Om. Hinduism believes in Karma, which is the law of cause and effect by which someone cans create their own destiny through actions and thoughts. Hinduism celebrates many different holidays such as Holi, which is the festival of colors, and Rama Navami, which is the birthday of Lord Rama. Hinduism has more than one accepted scripture, but the most popular one is called Bagvadhgita.
What is Buddhism?
Buddhism began about 2500 years ago when a 35 year old man named Siddhartha Gotama, or Budda, was enlightened. Buddhism explains injustice or inequality around the world, and practices a way of life that leads to happiness. Budda is not a god. Buddhism's worship book is called the Tripitaka. This religion is a monotheistic religion because they believe in one figure. A major Buddhist holiday is Buddhist new year, which last for three days from the first full moon in April. It is celebrated in Theravadin countries. There is also a festival called Bodhi which honors the enlightenment of the actual Budda.
Buddhism - Introduction
What is Islam?
Islam is a monotheistic religion that began in the Middle East in the 7th century. It was founded over the teachings about Prophet Muhammed as an expression to the surrender if the will of Allah. Allah is the god they believe in. The holy book they refer to is called the Qur'an, which contains the teachings of the prophet which were revealed to him through Allah. Islam has many branches to the religion, such as Sunni and Shi'a. Many Muslims practice their religion so much that they pray to Allah 5 times everyday. Muslims go to mosques to pronounce and worship their faith in Allah.
Islam, the Quran, and the Five Pillars All Without a Flamewar: Crash Course World History #13