Turning Points Final Exam

Shawn W. Collins

Mexican American War 1846-1848

The Mexican-American War was the first U.S. armed conflict fought on foreign soil. U.S. and Mexico were having territory issues and that's basically what caused the war. When the dust cleared, Mexico had lost about one-third of its territory, including nearly all of present-day California, Utah, Nevada, Arizona and New Mexico. America was having a Manifest Destiny and was trying to expand the country westward till they reached the ocean. Gold was discovered in California just days before Mexico ceded the land to the United States in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. America was getting beaten until the Battle At The Alamo, that was a major turning point in the war because The Alamo was a huge vantage point. The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, it was signed on February 2, 1848.

Antonio López de Santa Anna

Antonio López de Santa Anna, born on February 21, 1794, in Jalapa, Mexico, became a military captain and was elected president in 1833, known for his efforts in staving off Spain’s attempt to recapture the country. Santa Anna was later involved in conflicts with France and the U.S., including the secession of Texas, and was seen as responsible for much of Mexico’s turmoil. He died on June 21, 1876.

President James K. Polk

James Knox Polk was the president of United States during the Mexican American War. During this time, Polk faced daunting issues in the arena of foreign affairs. A boundary dispute with Great Britain over Oregon territory and Mexican protest over Texas threatened to destabilize the nation on two fronts. As Mexican officials refused Polk aggressive tactics, Polk ordered the U.S Army to head to Mexico border in a show of force. The Mexican American War began to erupt in May of 1846. And two years later, Polk succeeded in winning the war and adding a vast amount of land to the United States. Shortly thereafter, he left office due to illness and was succeeded in presidency by Zachary Taylor.


9/11 (September 11, 2001)

9/11 was definitely a turning point in American History. The September 11 attacks were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda on the United States in New York City and the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area on Tuesday, September 11, 2001. The attacks killed 2,996 people and caused at least $10 billion in property and infrastructure damage. Osama Bin Laden was the mastermind behind the attack and was the leader of al-Qaeda. At first Osama denied any involvement in the attacks until the year of 2004. It was the deadliest incident for firefighters and law enforcement officers in the history of the United States, with 343 and 72 killed respectively. There was a total of four planes hijacked, two hit the Twin Towers, one wrecked in Pennsylvania, and the other one touched down inside of the Pentagon.

Osama Bin Laden

Osama bin Laden was born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, in 1957. When the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in 1979, bin Laden joined the Afghan army. After the Soviet left, bin Laden formed the al-Qaeda terrorist group which carried out global strikes against Western interests, performed in the September 11, 2001, attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. On May 2, 2011, President Barack Obama announced that bin Laden had been killed in a terrorist compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan.

19th Amendment (Ratified August 18, 1920)

19th Amendment

Ratified on August 18, 1920, the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution granted American women the right to vote, a right known as woman suffrage. At the time the U.S. was founded, its female citizens did not share all of the same rights as men, including the right to vote. It was not until 1848 that the movement for women’s rights went on a national level with a convention in Seneca Falls, New York, organized by abolitionists Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott. Following the convention, the demand for the vote became a centerpiece of the women’s rights movement. Stanton and Mott, along with Susan B. Anthony and other activists, formed organizations that raised public awareness and lobbied the government to grant voting rights to women. After a 70-year battle, these groups finally emerged victorious with the passage of the 19th Amendment.

Susan B. Anthony

Born on February 15, 1820, Susan B. Anthony was raised in a Quaker household and went on to work as a teacher before becoming a leading figure in the abolitionist and women's voting rights movement. She partnered with Elizabeth Cady Stanton and would eventually lead the National American Woman Suffrage Association. A dedicated writer and lecturer, Anthony died on March 13 1906.

Alice Paul

Born on January 11, 1885, in Moorestown, New Jersey, Alice Paul grew up Quaker and attended Swarthmore College before living in England and pushing for women's voting rights. When she returned to America in 1910, she became a leader in the suffragist movement, eventually forming the National Woman's Party with Lucy Burns and becoming a key figure in the voices that led to the passage of the 19th Amendment. In later years she advocated for the passage of an Equal Rights Amendment as well. She died in Moorestown on July 9, 1977.

Mexican-American War

Friday, May 25th 1866 at 6pm to Tuesday, Jan. 13th, 8pm


I think the Mexican American War is the most important one because we gained lots of land from it and completed our "Manifest Destiny'. Also we found gold in California which was just a piece of land acquired from Mexico, the gold led to many immigrants from everywhere to come across and that allowed people to explore more cultures, religions, and so on.