Adult First Aid

Checking on an Unconscious Person

If someone is unresponsive,

  1. Check for responsiveness
  2. Call 911
  3. Open the airway
  4. Check for breathing
  5. Check for severe bleeding

Conscious Choking

  1. Give 5 back blows
  2. Give 5 abdominal thrusts
  3. Repeat

Unconscious Choking

  1. Give rescue breaths
  2. Give 30 chest compressions
  3. Look for and remove object if seen
  4. Give 2 rescue breaths

CPR (in the event of no breathing)

  1. Give 30 chest compressions
  2. Give 2 rescue breaths
  3. Do not stop

AED: Adult or Child >8 years old

  1. Turn on AED
  2. Wipe bare chest dry
  3. Attach pads
  4. Plug in connector (if necessary)
  5. Make sure no one, including you, is touching the person
  6. Allow AED to analyze heart rhythm
  7. Deliver shock
  8. Perform CPR

Controlling External Bleeding

  1. Cover the wound
  2. Apply direct pressure until bleeding stops
  3. Cover the dressing with a bandage
  4. Apply more pressure and call 911.


  1. Remove the source of burn
  2. Cool the burn
  3. Cover loosely with sterile dressing
  4. Call 911
  5. Care for shock


  1. Call 911 or Poison Control
  2. Provide care based on the given instructions

Head, Neck, or Spinal Injuries

  1. Call 911
  2. Minimize movement
  3. Stabilize the head in the position it was found


A stroke is a serious condition that needs to be attended to as fast as possible. If you see someone with symptoms, like a droopy face or slurred speech, follow these steps and think FAST:

  • Face: Ask the person to smile. Does one side droop?
  • Arms: Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one drift downwards?
  • Speech: Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence. Can they talk correctly?
  • Time: Call 911 immediately if you see any signals.