John Bardeen

Educator, Physicist, Scientist, Inventor

Childhood & Early Life

  • John Bardeen was born in Madison, Wisconsin, on May 23, 1908.
  • John’s brilliance was conspicuous from a young age. He was so intelligent for his age that his parents decided to have him skip several grades at school.
  • Whenever John was just 12 years old, his mother became severely ill with cancer. Due to the fact that John's father kept the information about his mother dying, he was shocked when she passed away. His father, in an attempt to provide for his children a normal life, quickly remarried.

Education and Contribution to Science

  • John attended the University High School in Madison for many years, and then graduated from Madison Central High School in 1923.
  • Bardeen earned his bachelor's and master's degrees in electrical engineering from the University of Wisconsin ( Madison ) and obtained his doctorate in 1936 in mathematical physics from Princeton University.
  • John Bardeen played a major role into science because he was the co-inventor of the transistor (1947), an influential invention that changed the course of history for computers and electronics. He also co-developed a fundamental theory of conventional superconductivity known as the BCS theory.

Summary of John Bardeen

John Bardeen has played a huge role into today's society with his inventions with the transistor and developing a fundamental theory of conventional superconductivity also known as the BCS theory. Today, Bardeen's work has influenced the world today. The BCS theory is still used by scientists and physicists today. The BCS theory helped John apply his superconductivity ideas to lead to the invention of the first transistor. The transistor came to be one of the biggest communication revelations of all time. Bardeen's inventions and theories are still used today and will continue to be used in science and will continue to be used in the future.
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Work Citation

"John Bardeen." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 27 May 2015. .


"Bardeen, John." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 2008, "John Bardeen." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2004, Mary Puthawala, Todd Whitcombe, "Bardeen, John." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th Ed.. 2014, and "Bardeen, John." World Encyclopedia. 2005. "Bardeen, John." Encyclopedia.com. HighBeam Research, 2008. Web. 27 May 2015. .


"John Bardeen Biography." - Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline. Web. 27 May 2015. .


"Invention of the Point Contact Transistor, 1954." Bardeen and Brattain: Midwestern Mentality. Web. 27 May 2015. .


"It's Birthday of John Bardeen..Nobel Laureate in Physics & Inventor of Transistor.. - TEN." TEN. 23 May 2014. Web. 27 May 2015. .


"Focus: Landmarks: Birth of Modern Electronics." Physics. 15 May 2009. Web. 27 May 2015. .