Museum of America

Maddie Spitznagel

The Declaration of Independence

July 4th, 1776

This date you may recognize as the fourth of July or Independence Day. What you may seem to forget is that this date is the day that the birth of American independence was created. The colonists wanted to see independence and they were able to confirm an official alliance with the Government of France. The United States assisted France in the war against Great Britain.



The Declaration divided British options and American sympathizers thought they went too far. A lot of people who were ruled by Britain thought it was a great idea and supported. The British government tried to dismiss this draft thinking it was a horrible plan, but failed. Many officials thought independence was necessary. The Americans were fighting for only their rights as subjects of the British crown.

Congress had adopted the Declaration of Independence written mostly by Jefferson which is why we are an independent country today.


"Independence Day." American Nationalism and Sectionalism. Web. 19 May 2016.

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All of these men in this picture signed the Declaration of Independence.

Delaware: George Read, Caesar Rodney, and Thomas McKean

Pennsylvania: George Clymer, Benjamin Franklin, Robert Morris, John Morton, Benjamin Rush, George Ross, James Smith, James Wilson, and George Taylor

Massachusetts: John Adams, Samuel Adams, John Hancock, and Robert Treat Paine

New Hampshire: Josiah Bartlett, William Whipple, and Matthew Thornton

Rhode Island: Stephen Hopkins and William Ellery

New York: Lewis Morris, Philip Livingston, Francis Lewis, and William Floyd

Georgia: Button Gwinnett, Lyman Hall, and George Walton

Virginia: Robert Henry Lee, Francis Lightfoot Lee, Carter Braxton, Benjamin Harrison, Thomas Jefferson, George Wythe, and Thomas Nelson, Jr.

South Carolina: Edward Rutled, Arthur Middleton, Thomas Lynch, Jr. , and Thomas Heyward, Jr.

North Carolina: William Hooper and John Penn

New Jersey: Abraham Clark, John Hart, Francis Hopkinson, Richard Stockton, and John Witherspoon

Connecticut: Samuel Huntington, Roger Sherman, William Williams, and Oliver Wolcott

Maryland: Charles Carroll, Samuel Chase, Thomas Stone, and William Paca

"The History Place - American Revolution: Declaration of Independence." The History Place - American Revolution: Declaration of Independence. Web. 19 May 2016.

The Trail of Tears

1838-1839

Nearly 125,000 Native Americans lived across the land of Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina, and Florida. The government had forced these Native Americans to leave their land for the white men who wanted to farm on this land causing the Native Americans to walk thousands of miles to an ¨Indian Territory¨ across from the Mississippi River. They decided to civilize the Native Americans. This means they tried to make the Native Americans as much like the whites by encouraging them to convert to Christianity, learn to speak and read English, and adopt European-style economic practices. For example, the individual ownership of land and other property.


The Indian Removal process still continued. The Cherokee people were divided, someone wanted to fight while others thought it was just easier to leave in exchange for money. The Indian territory was gone for good by 1840.

History.com Staff. "Trail of Tears." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 20 May 2016.

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This is the route that the Native Americans took to move to different places after being kicked out of their original homeland. Many of the different tribes split up and had to switch tribes to be able to fit in.

The different tribes that were being forced to move away were the;

Cherokee: They were one of the largest tribes out of the five of them. They were originally from the Great Lakes Region but eventually settled more towards the East Coast. They did not live in tee-pee's like everyone thinks they did, they lived in cabins made out of logs.

Chickasaw: The Chickasaw Indians were a tribal group that was made with mostly fighters and hunters. They were one of the smallest Native American tribes out of the five.

Choctaw: They were originally from the Southeastern part of Mississippi, Louisiana, and Alabama. More than half of the Choctaw tribe that started the journey had died due to the cold blizzard, lack of wood for fires to keep warm, and starvation.

Creek: The took over most of the southeast part of the United States. This tribe was formed to protect themselves from larger bands of Native American tribes.

Seminole: They were originally from Florida, all of them. None of them had migrated from other places. When settlers headed into Florida, many of the Seminole Indians were kidnapped, tortured, and even killed.

The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln

On April 4, 1865, a famous actor known as John Wilkes Booth had assassinated Abraham Lincoln. Murder was not their first plan for President Lincoln. They wanted to kidnap Lincoln and take him to Richmond but he did not show up to the spot where they planned on kidnapping him.


Booth wanted to save the confederacy so he came up with a desperate plan. This plan was to show up the the play Lincoln was going to watch and killing him and his two most successful helpers. He shot Lincoln in the back of the head and jumped onto the stage making an escape. Lincoln was not dead at first, he was paralyzed and struggling to breathe. It was concluded that Lincoln could not be saved and would die in the middle of the night.



History.com Staff. "Abraham Lincoln’s Assassination." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 23 May 2016.

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Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809 in Hardin County, Kentucky. He was the United States 16 president in 1861.


Lincoln made the Republican Party into a strong organization. He is the one who declared that we free all slaves. This was called the Emancipation Proclamation which passed. A lot of people were angry with this. They did not want slavery to end because they wanted people to do their work for them for no pay.

A lot of people were getting angry and were making threats to him.



"Abraham Lincoln." The White House. The White House, 2014. Web. 23 May 2016.

The Great Depression

It was an economic downturn that wiped out millions of investors. It started with the stock market crash in October of 1929. This caused there to be an extreme number of unemployment (13- 15 million people). A lot of banks went out of business because there were no stocks and no one had any money. Some people had no money at all to help support their families. A lot of people got kicked out of their houses and lived on the streets with little food and water. Some people sold their kids just to get money to get food. They did not want to do this but they had to do what they had to do to keep them and their families alive.


History.com Staff. "The Great Depression." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 01 Jan. 2009. Web. 22 May 2016.

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In this picture there are over hundreds of people standing outside of places that are giving out free food because they can not longer afford to eat and feed their families.


Many people starved and were growing sick because they were not getting enough food per day. The stock-market crashing ruined a lot of peoples lives and ruined a lot of families because some had to give up others in order to keep them alive and healthy.



"The Real Story About What Ended the Great Depression." The Daily Signal. 2014. Web. 23 May 2016.