Grade 9 Science

What is the Cost of Convenience - Final Summative

Part One: The Task- Experimentation

What do you do when you run out of a product in your house? You run to the store and buy some more. But what if you couldn’t do that? What if you had to make it yourself? What would you do? How easy would it be? How do you think the product is created? What steps must be taken to make it?

Your task is to choose a product that you want to examine through experimentation and research. You will be recording daily journal entries to explain what you did each day and what you discovered.


You and your group should choose a topic from either: salt, avocado oil, ground oats, vanilla bean extract, lemon or orange peel extract, cacao beans (chocolate), olive oil, or ground coffee. You will complete research on where this product naturally occurs and how it can be extracted/processed both on the household level and industrial level.

You will INDIVIDUALLY research the answers to the following questions:

1) Where does this product naturally occur?

2) How can your product be extracted/processed by industry? What are the steps?

3) How can your product be extracted/processed at home?

Each person is responsible for handing in individual research notes on these topics. Remember to use proper research note format.

Research - The Library Catalogue

The first place to start your research is by using the library catalogue. This is where you want to start your book search. You have two methods to find and use the catalogue:


  1. Go to the applications page and click on the "Library Catalogue - Louise Arbour"
  2. Go to the Library Learning Commons MyClass page and click on the Library Catalogue (You can access this one from home as well).


Once you are at the main page, enter the subject/keywords of the topic that you are searching for. Keep in mind that spelling is really important! If you spell the word that you are looking for incorrectly, the system will assume we do not have it. We may not have books for some of the topics that you are looking for, but this is a good place to start! For this assignment, many of the books have been pulled for you so check the cart to see the books that we have for your topic. If you have not chosen a topic as yet, the cart might be a good place to start to get background information on your topic.

Research - The Databases

Sometimes books on your topic can be hard to find because your subject area might be really new or really specific. This is where databases will become your best friend! There are two ways to get to the databases:


  1. Go to the applications page and click on "Library Catalogue - Louise Arbour". Then click on Library eResources. Click on eResources. Click on Intermediate/Secondary. Then you will find all of our databases.
  2. Go to the Library Learning Commons MyClass page through your BYOD. Click on BYOD login. Click on MyClass (the green icon). Click on the Library Learning Commons MyClass icon. Click on databases from home. Then you will find all of our databases.

Databases - Finding the Information You Need!

Once you have found the databases you will need to start searching for your topic. For this assignment, I would recommend starting at the following databases when conducting your research:


  • Britannica Online - The School Edition
  • Explora
  • General Science Collection
  • Health and Wellness Resource Centre
  • Science in Context
  • Science Reference Centre
  • Global Issues in Context


These databases are the ones that you should focus on as they are most relevant the topics that you are researching. All of the databases are great sources of information. They are better than a random search on a website because you can find a lot of information here that has been written by experts in the field. You should not have to use Google for any of your research for this assignment. The databases will have what you need to get your work done!


Be aware of the search terminology that you are using. For example, searching for "ground oats" may produce less results than just searching for "oats". Try to keep your search as general as possible, at least initially, until you find some information and then narrow your search from there.


Please keep in mind that you cannot click the links below to get to the databases. You will need to go to the Library Learning Commons MyClass page to get there or you can click on the secondary eResources link below.

Creating a Works Cited Page

No research would be complete without an accurately formatted Works Cited page. As this is a science based assignment, you will be using APA as your method for creating your citations. It is important to keep track of the information that you use as you go along with the creation of your assignment. Waiting until the very end could be a problem, especially if you can't remember where you got all of the information from.



On the Library Learning Commons MyClass page, under Class Resources, we have a number of tools that you can use to help you track your sources and create a proper works cited page. You can also use the databases to help you complete your works cited page by clicking on SourceIt. This database is Peel Board approved in terms of being a great tool to help you.


One of the easiest tools to use when creating a works cited page is Citation Machine. If you go to www.citationmachine.net , you can input your book, magazine, website, film or other resource and the citation will be created for you! Please keep in mind that if some parts of the citation are missing, you can easily fill them in using Citation Machine.


Finally, many of the databases create the citation for you! When you are in a database and you are looking at an article, look to the top or the left of the article to find a citation tools like (in some databases it will look like a check mark). If you click on that link and select APA formatting, the citation will be created for you and then you can copy and paste it into your works cited page.


When completing your works cited page, there are a few key things to remember:



  1. It should be in alphabetical by author's last name. If there is no author, then it should be in alphabetical order by whatever letter comes first in the citation.
  2. The second line should be indented. You can do this by pressing "Enter" and then "Tab".
  3. You do not have to number your citations.
  4. You do not have to put your list of citations into categories (i.e. books, magazines, websites, etc.).
  5. You should only include resources that you actually used in your research. If you looked at it, but did not use it, it should not be included in your works cited.



WORKS CITED EXAMPLE – APA FORMAT



Works Cited



Atwood, M. (2003). Oryx and Crake. London: Bloomsbury.


Harris, J. (2002). Five quarters of an orange. Boston, MA: Harper.


Packer, A. (2003). The dive from Clausen's Pier. New York: Vintage Books.


Policy.ca. (2000-2006). Retrieved March 1, 2007, from http://www.policy.ca.


Westerfeld, S. (2005). Uglies. New York: Simon Pulse.