Reform Movement


A religious and philosophical movement that developed during the late 1820s and '30s in the Eastern region of the United States as a protest against the general state of spirituality and, in particular,

Biggest idea that came from the Utopian Movement

They wanted to find the perfect place, based on what they wanted so that they were happy with where they were.

The Brook Farm Community

The Brook Farm Community was established in the early 1840's. It was a New England Utopian community founded by George Ripley.
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Edgar Allan Poe

Writings- "It is impossible to say how first the idea entered my brain; but once conceived, it haunted me day and night. Object there was none. Passion there was none. I loved the old man. He had never wronged me. He had never given me insult. For his gold I had no desire. I think it was his eye! yes, it was this! He had the eye of a vulture --a pale blue eye, with a film over it. Whenever it fell upon me, my blood ran cold; and so by degrees -- very gradually --I made up my mind to take the life of the old man, and thus rid myself of the eye forever." - The Tell-Tale Heart

Edgar Allan Poe was an agent of change because of his stories, people think he was a great leader because he wrote such good things.

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Noah Webster

"When you become entitled to exercise the right of voting for public officers, let it be impressed on your mind that God commands you to choose for rulers, "just men who will rule in the fear of God." The preservation of [our] government depends on the faithful discharge of this Duty; if the citizens neglect their Duty and place unprincipled men in office, the government will soon be corrupted; laws will be made, not for the public good so much as for selfish or local purposes; corrupt or incompetent men will be appointed to execute the Laws; the public revenues will be squandered on unworthy men; and the rights of the citizen will be violated or disregarded. If [our] government fails to secure public prosperity and happiness, it must be because the citizens neglect the Divine Commands, and elect bad men to make and administer the Laws." -History of United States by Noah Webster

Noah Webster was an agent of change because he was known to be the "Father of American Scholarship and Education".

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Nathaniel Hawthorne

"If thou feelest it to be for thy soul's peace, and that thy earthly punishment will thereby be made more effectual to salvation, I charge thee to speak out the name of thy fellow-sinner and fellow-sufferer!" - The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne

Nathaniel Hawthorne was an agent of change because he wrote The Scarlet letter which made an impact on people- in history

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