Akikiki

By YunYing(Emma) Tong

Description

Classification:

  • bird (AOB)

Special body covering:

  • feathers, dark gray on backs and white on bellies (AOB)
  • legs, feet and slighty decurved bill are pink (AOB)
  • tail is short and square (HBA)
Size:

  • only four inches long (AOB)

Communication:

  • by a song which is short and moderately descending trill that softens at the end (HBAB)

Adaptation

For Food:

Structures:

  • limber tongues can easily pull insects out from the cracks in tree bark (NW)

Behaviors:

  • capable of climbing along trunks and branches in any direction, including upside-down (HBA)
  • found in pairs, family groups, or small flocks that is about 8-12 individuals (AOB)

Reasons for Endangerment

  • rats were introduced and ate their eggs and young (Les, David 270)
  • avian malaria and avian pox (AOB)
  • hurricanes (AOB)
  • non-native insects out competed native insects (AOB)

Habitat

Location:

  • one of the Hawaiian Islands called Kauai (ESA)

Terrain:

  • forests (AOB)
Climate:

  • forests that are between 600 and 1,600 meters elevation (AOB)
  • wet (AOB)
Home:

  • built nests using lichens and tree bark from Ohi'a and Koa trees (ESA)

Food Chain

Food:

  • a variety of insects and spiders (ESA)




  • carnivore (ESA)
Predator:

  • rats (ESA)




  • cats (ESA)

  • short eared owls (ESA)




  • barn owls (ESA)

Critical Information

  • limit the populations of spider and insect (ESA)





  • Keauhou Bird conservational center has been developing propagation techniqus (ESA)
  • ecological studies are scheduled to produce a habitat that is suitable for the bird (AOB)

Citation

Websites:
Fang, Janet. "Wildlife Service Plans for a Warmer World." Nature.com. Nature Publishing Group, 17 Mar. 2010. Web. 29 May 2012. <http://www.nature.com/news/2010/100317/full/464332a.html>.


Fretz, Scott, and Pauline Roberts. "Akikiki (Oreomystis Bairdi)." Bird Life. Web. 29 May 2012. <http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=8913>.


"Hawaiian Birds Akikiki." Hawaiian Birds Akikiki. Web. 29 May 2012. <http://directoryofkauai.net/blog/hawaiian-birds-akikiki>.
"Hawaiian Birds Akikiki Breeding." Hawaiian Birds Akikiki Breeding. Web. 29 May 2012. <http://directoryofkauai.net/blog/hawaiian-birds-akikiki-breeding>.
Kalani, Chris. "Akikiki Bird School Project." Akikiki Bird School Project. Web. 29 May 2012. <http://ak1k1k1.tumblr.com/>.


Book:
Beletsky, Les, and David Pearson. Global Birding: Traveling the World in Search of Birds. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society, 2010. Print.
Pictures:
"11 U.S. Species Endangered by Climate Change." Mother Nature Network. Web. 29 May 2012. <http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/animals/photos/11-us-species-endangered-by-climate-change/akikiki>.
"Alaka'i Swamp Forest." Picture:. Web. 30 May 2012. <http://travel.mongabay.com/us/kauai/images/kauai_0027.html>.


"Animal Fact Guide." Akikiki. Web. 30 May 2012. <http://www.animalfactguide.com/blog/tag/akikiki/>.
"Barn Owl vs Greenfinch." - Adrian Lines. Web. 30 May 2012. <http://www.photogalaxy.com/photo/adrian.lines/11/>.

"Bold Girl." Bold Girl. Web. 30 May 2012. <http://boldgirllife.wordpress.com/>.

"Cartoon Hurricane." IStock Photo: Royalty Free Stock Photography, Vector Art Images, Music & Video Stock Footage. Web. 30 May 2012. <http://www.istockphoto.com/stock-illustration-19531626-cartoon-hurricane.php>.
"Cartoonize My Pet." Cartoonize My Pet. Web. 30 May 2012. <http://www.pictures-of-cats.org/cartoonize-my-pet.html>.
"Hawaii Magazine.com." Protecting Kauai's Unique Species by Chris Bailey. Web. 29 May 2012. <http://www.hawaiimagazine.com/blogs/hawaii_today/2008/10/3/Protect_Kauai_Species>.
"Li Ying, Me. Simple but Not Too Simply." Li Ying, Me. Web. 30 May 2012. <http://acupoflemontea.wordpress.com/2010/01/17/bird-nest/>.
"Six Cute Cartoon Insects." IStock Photo: Royalty Free Stock Photography, Vector Art Images, Music & Video Stock Footage. Web. 30 May 2012. <http://www.istockphoto.com/stock-illustration-12972696-six-cute-cartoon-insects.php>.
Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 30 May 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Map_of_Hawaii_highlighting_Kauai.svg>.


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