Who's Who in the Texas Revolution

Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna

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Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna 1794-1876

Antonio López de Santa Anna rose to power as the dictator of Mexico after leading a revolt against Mexican President Bustamante in 1832. He promised to restore the Constitution of 1824, but when he didn’t fulfill his promise, war with Texas broke out. He led Mexican forces against the Texans, laid siege to the Alamo, and was finally captured at the Battle of San Jacinto. He signed the peace treaty at Velasco in 1836 which ended fighting between Mexico and Texas and called for an exchange of prisoners. Therefore, Santa Anna was eventually returned to Mexico. He commanded the Mexican army against the United States during the Mexican-American War from 1846 to 1848. One of the major causes of this war was the annexation of Texas into the United States. After Mexico lost the war, he was exiled to Cuba but returned to Mexico before his death in 1876.