The Vietnam War

Mrs. King's class 3rd period Skyler Smith and Ashley Taylor

What we know...

Cold war: A war between Russia and the US that did not involve actual fighting. US was trying to stop Russia spreading communism around the world.

Containment: Trying to keep something from spreading around for various reasons.

Domino Theory: An effect where if one country changes something a neighboring nation might change and it just keeps spreading around.

DMZ: (Demilitarized Zone) Area between North and South Korea where military/armed weapons are not permitted.

Draft: Army recruits enlisted people to fight in a war.

What We Don't Know

Timeline of top events

1954: Vietnamese forces occupy by the French command post and French commander orders his troops to cease fire. This battle lasted 55 days.

1959: North Vietnamese army unit is formed to create a supply route from North Vietnam to South Vietnam to Vietcong forces.

1961: JFK orders more help for the South Vietnam government

American helicopters arrive at South Vietnam along with 400 personnel.

1962: Helicopters flown bye U.s. Army Pilots ferry 1,000 South Vietnamese soldiers to sweep an NFL stronghold near Saigon.

1963: Vietcong 514th Battalion and local guerrilla forces ambush the South Vietnamese Army's 7th division. Almost 400 South Vietnamese are killed or wounded. Three American advisors are slain.

JFK assassinated in Dallas, Texas

With tacit approval of the United States, operatives within the South Vietnamese military overthrow Diem. He and his brother Nhu are shot and killed in the aftermath.

1964: In a bloodless coup, General Nguyen Khanh seizes power in Saigon. South Vietnam junta leader, Major General Duong Van Minh, is placed under house arrest, but is allowed to remain as a figurehead chief-of-state.

1965: Sustained American bombing raids of North Vietnam, dubbed Operation Rolling Thunder, begin in February. The nearly continuous air raids would go on for three years.

1966: In an effort to disrupt movement along the Mugia Pass -- the main route used by the NVA to send personnel and supplies through Laos and into South Vietnam -- American B-52s bomb North Vietnam for the first time.

South Vietnam Government Troops Take Hue and Danang

1967: In a major ground war effort dubbed Operation Cedar Falls, about 16,000 US and 14,000 South Vietnamese troops set out to destroy Vietcong operations and supply sites near Saigon. A massive system of tunnels is discovered in an area called the Iron Triangle, an apparent headquarters for Vietcong personnel.

1968: My Lai Massacre

1969: Through the reporting of journalist Seymour Hersh, Americans read for the first time of the atrocities committed by Lt. William Calley and his troops in the village of My Lai. At the time the reports were made public, the Army had already charged Calley with the crime of murder.

Tonkin Gulf Resolution

This resolution was stated by LBJ to stop the communist Vietnam from attacking any United States naval vessels and as well as not attacking the other southeastern countries allied with the US. The United States is trying to help other nations keep their freedom from the communist Vietnam.

Veterans of Vietnam

John Michael Horan was born in DC but raised in Florida. he fought in the Vietnam war and served from 1961-1975. He served in the marine corps and was 3rd reconnaissance battalion. He served in Tay Ninh, Vietnam, Thailand; Cambodia. He was a corporal and was also a prisoner of was. He was held by the Viet Cong for three days.

James R. Alvis was born and raised in Indiana. her served in the Vietnam war from 1964-1970. her served as the 71st special operations squadron of the air force reserve. He was based in the US and Vietnam. He was also a sergeant.

Revolution - The Beatles

Paint it, Black - The Rolling Stones

Sugar, Sugar - The Archies

I'm A Believer - The Monkees

Hound Dog - Elvis Presley

My Girl - The Temptations

(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction - The Rolling Stones

We Chose these songs because they're still known with todays generation.

Heros or villains?

Hugh Thompson: We think that he was neither a villain nor hero, he was going against his own country but also saving the lives of innocent vietnamies people.

William Calley: We consider General Calley a villain for leading a mass murder of innocent people of Vietnam.