The Vietnam War
Mrs. King's class 3rd period Skyler Smith and Ashley Taylor
What we know...
Containment: Trying to keep something from spreading around for various reasons.
Domino Theory: An effect where if one country changes something a neighboring nation might change and it just keeps spreading around.
DMZ: (Demilitarized Zone) Area between North and South Korea where military/armed weapons are not permitted.
Draft: Army recruits enlisted people to fight in a war.
What We Don't Know
Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese communist revolutionary leader who was prime minister and president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam
General William Westmoreland
Deputy commander of Military Assistance Command Vietnam. He was known for highly publicized, positive assessments of U.S. military prospects in Vietnam.
My Lai Massacre
Mass murder of between 347 and 504 unarmed civilians in South Vietnam on March 16, 1968.
Ho Chi Minh
General William Westmoreland
Was a political organization and army in South Vietnam and Cambodia that fought the United States and South Vietnamese governments during the Vietnam War (1959–1975), and emerged on the winning side.
Ngo Dinh Diem
First president of South Vietnam
a United States Department of Defense history of the United States' political-military involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967.
Largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War, launched on January 30, 1968 by forces of the Viet Cong.It was a campaign of surprise attacks against military and civilian commands and control centers throughout South Vietnam
Policy of Nixon administration during the Vietnam War to end the US involvement and expand, equip, and train South Vietnams forces.
National Liberation Front
There two main goals were to get America out of South Vietnam and to overthrow the dictator Dinh Diem.
Timeline of top events
1959: North Vietnamese army unit is formed to create a supply route from North Vietnam to South Vietnam to Vietcong forces.
1961: JFK orders more help for the South Vietnam government
American helicopters arrive at South Vietnam along with 400 personnel.
1962: Helicopters flown bye U.s. Army Pilots ferry 1,000 South Vietnamese soldiers to sweep an NFL stronghold near Saigon.
1963: Vietcong 514th Battalion and local guerrilla forces ambush the South Vietnamese Army's 7th division. Almost 400 South Vietnamese are killed or wounded. Three American advisors are slain.
JFK assassinated in Dallas, Texas
With tacit approval of the United States, operatives within the South Vietnamese military overthrow Diem. He and his brother Nhu are shot and killed in the aftermath.
1964: In a bloodless coup, General Nguyen Khanh seizes power in Saigon. South Vietnam junta leader, Major General Duong Van Minh, is placed under house arrest, but is allowed to remain as a figurehead chief-of-state.
1965: Sustained American bombing raids of North Vietnam, dubbed Operation Rolling Thunder, begin in February. The nearly continuous air raids would go on for three years.
1966: In an effort to disrupt movement along the Mugia Pass -- the main route used by the NVA to send personnel and supplies through Laos and into South Vietnam -- American B-52s bomb North Vietnam for the first time.
South Vietnam Government Troops Take Hue and Danang
1967: In a major ground war effort dubbed Operation Cedar Falls, about 16,000 US and 14,000 South Vietnamese troops set out to destroy Vietcong operations and supply sites near Saigon. A massive system of tunnels is discovered in an area called the Iron Triangle, an apparent headquarters for Vietcong personnel.
1968: My Lai Massacre
1969: Through the reporting of journalist Seymour Hersh, Americans read for the first time of the atrocities committed by Lt. William Calley and his troops in the village of My Lai. At the time the reports were made public, the Army had already charged Calley with the crime of murder.
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
Veterans of Vietnam
James R. Alvis was born and raised in Indiana. her served in the Vietnam war from 1964-1970. her served as the 71st special operations squadron of the air force reserve. He was based in the US and Vietnam. He was also a sergeant.
Paint it, Black - The Rolling Stones
Sugar, Sugar - The Archies
I'm A Believer - The Monkees
Hound Dog - Elvis Presley
My Girl - The Temptations
(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction - The Rolling Stones
We Chose these songs because they're still known with todays generation.
Heros or villains?
William Calley: We consider General Calley a villain for leading a mass murder of innocent people of Vietnam.