Traumatic Brain Injury

Information and Prevention


Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)- A physical injury to brain tissue that temporarily or permanently impairs brain function.

Causes and Symptoms

Brain injuries can be caused falls (28%), motor vehicle accidents (20%), collisions with objects (19%) and high-contact sports (33%)

Symptoms to look for are headaches, confusion, dizziness, vomiting and fatigue, restlessness and personality changes

Facts about Concussions

  • Concussions can cause tearing of nerve tissues
  • Brain cells affected by concussions go through a chemical change that temporarily affects function
  • Brain is more susceptible to second injury



  • Ice, rest, pain reliever (Mild head injury)
  • Stitches, skin glue, cleansed and inspected (Wound)
  • Hospitalization, seizure medication, ICP monitor probe (Severe head injury)


Always wear a seatbelt when driving, wear a helmet when appropriate and don't drive under the influence of alcohol or drugs


  • Traumatic Brain Injuries cause 50,000 deaths per year and 450,000 hospitalizations per year.
  • 75% of TBIs are concussions
  • Concussion rates are 4% in teenagers and children, many causes aren't reported
  • Between 2.5-6.5 million people in the United States have had a TBI