The reproductive system

the function of this system

the reproductive system is used for sexual reproduction, to produce the next generation of off-spring. The process assembled from both the male and female side, the male side produces sperm while the female provides eggs,the process of the reproduction happens when the sperm from male is mixed with the egg from female.

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spermatogenesis

spermatogenesis is the process in which the sperm is created, this process happens in the testes when the male reaches the age of puberty and continues for the rest of their life. The process starts when the spermatogonia cell grows to become the primary spermatocyte which is the diploid cell, then the cell undergoes the meiosis 1 to become the secondary spermatocyte which is the diploid cell again.After that the cell goes through the process of meiosis 2 and from there the 4 haploid spermatids cells are produced and the sperm is formed after these 4 haploid cells.

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oogenesis

the female gametes are formed by the process of oogenesis this process occurres in the females ovaries during fetal development. These cells are called oogonia, developed to primary oocytes that are diploid these cells enter meiosis 1 but then stop.
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2 major disorders that occur within this system

Endometriosis- is the disorder that causes the tissues that lines the uterus grow outside it that causes the symptoms of the female to have pain in their lower stomach.treatment is either medicine or surgery, the prevalence is over 10 millions women in the US were diagnosed to have it


Hydrocele- is the painless disorder that occurs in the testes sac that causes the fluid inside to swell up either in one testes or both, some type of the medicine could be used or even surgery. it is commonly known in new born children.