Created by Antonio Alvarado
Type of Music
History of the Music
Characteristics of the Music
1.) Perico ripiao - This is the oldest style most commonly played. It is played with all manner of instrumentation, but the tambora and the güira are the most important instruments.
2.) Merengue de orquesta (big band merengue) - This is the most popular and it uses saxophones, a piano, timbales, hi-hat, backup singers, conga, tambora, güira, and bass.
3.) Merengue de guittarra - Guitar merengue.
The instruments for a traditional merengue band are a diatonic accordion, a tambora, which is a two sided drum held on the lap, and a güira, which is a percussion instrument that sounds like a maraca. Now, a bass guitar, a piano, saxophone, and other instruments are used. Merengue is played anywhere from the streets of the Dominican Republic to ballrooms in New York. There are no special costumes associated with merengue. Some famous artists associated with merengue are Elvis Crespo, Juan Luis Guerra, Los Hermanos Rosario, and Wilfrido Vargas.