Causes of the American Revolution
The American Revolution was a period of time where the king of England put many taxes on the 13 colonies. The colonists were upset with these rules, and many of the taxes were repealed. Some social causes of the American Revolution were that many of the taxes were unfair to the colonists, which resulted in anger with the England government. Also, when the King didn't repeal the taxes on tea, the colonists got very upset with the King, in which they through the tea overboard for payback. Some other social causes were that they could only transport trade on British ships, they had to pay off the debts of British soldiers, and they had to feed and house British soldiers without a choice. Some British economic policies that led to the American Revolution were the Tea Act, Townshend Act, and Stamp Act, all taxes the King placed on goods. I think colonists were justified in declaring independence from England because they came to the colonies to get away from England, not to stay under rule of the King. I also think that placing taxes on everything the colonists bought was unfair.
The purpose of the Navigation Acts was to put the theory of Mercantilism into practice. The two rules that the colonists had to follow were that trade with the colonies was to be conducted only with English or colonial ships, and "enumerated" items were to be shipped only within the empire. The Sugar Act was taxes placed on the importation of sugar from the French Indies, so American rum distillers had to buy more costly sugar from British West Indies, which made them oppose. The most significant impact of the Navigation Acts was the stifling of colonial manufacturing and increasing resentment against the mother country.
The Proclamation of 1763
The Proclamation of 1763 was created after the French and Indian war. The Proclamation was an imaginary line that stopped colonists from going west of the Appalachian mountains. King George III issued the Proclamation in an effort to avoid more conflict and tension with American Indians, and to keep from having expensive wars. The colonists responded with anger because they wanted to settle on the land east of the Mississippi river, and they didn't want British soldiers to live among them.
The Stamp Act
The stamp Act taxed anything printed on paper. The Stamp Act was created to raise funds to protect the colonies and pay the debt of the French and Indian war. Sam Adams and the Committees of Correspondence protested by boycotting, not buying paper goods. Sons of Liberty was created by Sam Adams, and formed secret societies, which were groups of men that protested British policies and sometimes used violence to get their message across. Taxes were discussed at the Stamp Act Congress. King George III responded by repealing the Stamp Act.
Britain sent even more troops to keep order in the colonies in response to the Stamp Act protests. The Quartering Act required to quarter, or house and feed, British soldiers. Two major issues were that colonists didn't like having a standing army of soldiers with writs of assistance, and housing and supplying soldiers was costly. Writs of assistance were blank search warrants, and they allowed soldiers to search homes if they suspected colonists had smuggled goods.
Imported tea, glass, and paper were all items that were taxed with the Townshend Acts. Daughters of Liberty responded to the protests by making their own cloth instead of buying British cloth. The British government continued to tax tea even after the Townshend Act was repealed. The Sons of Liberty responded to the continued taxation by violence, and they attacked the homes of British officials and colonial tax collectors.
On March 5, 1770, a crowd gathered around a few British soldiers, and angry colonists began shouting and throwing snowballs. More and more angry colonists and soldiers came, and the mob grew bigger and louder. Shots were fired, and five colonists were killed. Sam Adams responded by using the incident as propaganda, or one-sided information used to influence public opinion. Through the Committees of Correspondence, Sam Adams shared the news and ideas with the other colonies. John Adams represented the soldiers to demonstrate that colonists value the right to a trial by jury for all citizens, and said this is the biggest contribution to his country.
Tea Act and Boston Tea Party
The Tea Act was when parliament passed a law which made the British East India Company the only company allowed to sell tea to the colonies. The colonies were unhappy with the Tea Act because they were forced to pay import taxes to Britain. The Daughters of Liberty contributed to the boycott efforts by making their own tea. Colonial merchants refused to unload the tea from the British ships or sell tea in the colonies. The Sons of Liberty responded by disguising as American Indians, illegally boarded the ships, and dumped 342 crates of British tea into the Boston Harbor.
Coercive Act (Intolerable Act)
The Coercive Act was a series of punishment laws for the Boston Tea Party. The colonists called the Coercive Acts the Intolerable Acts because the laws were so harsh. The laws stopped all trade between Boston and Britain, didn't allow town meetings, gave Britain control of the colonies, and strengthened the Quartering Acts. Government assemblies and the Port of Boston were closed down until all of the tea was paid for. Since the port of Boston was closed, the other colonies were economically effected too. The other colonies supported Boston by bringing in goods. It also stirred revolutionary spirit throughout the colonies.