Music from the Antebellum Period

By: Emily Ziperman

The Romantic Era

When looking at the music from the time period it is important to reference to the different periods of music. The Antebellum period occurred during the early romantic period in reference to music history. This means that composers began designing their music to reflect the emotion and feelings of themselves and their audience rather than create music for entertainment. Because the Antebellum period occurred at the beginning of the romantic era music was becoming more and more influential.

Notable Composers

  • Stephen Collins Foster
  • George Frederick Root
  • Philip Roth
  • Francis Scott Key
  • Philip Phile
  • Samuel Parkman

Links to various songs

http://youtu.be/EMIoQ9lBY0M. - amazing grace in Cherokee


http://open.spotify.com/user/edz6282/playlist/4e0huwpLHs5GOFjlM5EjuD - spotify playlist


http://youtu.be/LArGlfEVYqM - The Yellow Rose of Texas


http://youtu.be/LFEoo1_tDq4 - original Silent Night! Holy Night!

Rise of the Common Man

After Andrew Jackson was elected into presidency the rise of the common man occurred very quickly. With the nation shifting from the idea that only an elite few, propertied white men, were capable of having say in government to the idea that almost everyone did the middle class became the predominant one in America. Songs such as Yankee Doodle dandy and tramp tramp tramp became very popular amongst this middle class. The music was all very patriotic and inspired many to join the army when the civil war came about.

The Trail of Tears

Te trail of tears is the title we have given the march the Cherokee Indians were forced to make in 1830 due to the Indian removal act, more than 16,000 Indians marched along this oath of which almost 1/4 died. The majority of all music heard on the trail of tears were Cherokee Hymns and Folk songs. These songs were all very traditional and had been passed down from parent to child for many years. There were a few exceptions to the music heard on this trail, for example amazing grace sung in Cherokee was often a common occurrence. For this event I chose the song Amazing Grace sung in Cherokee. Those this song was not originally of Cherokee origin it held substantial meaning to them. Like most other songs sung during this dark time it was a way for them to express their sorrow and pain for their loses.

Gone to Texas

During the Antebellum period people like Stephen F. Austin and Sam Houston brought hundreds of Americans to Texas to their colonies to live and farm the land. They under went many challenges such as Indian raids, a revolution, surviving as their own state, and annexation into America. Most music heard by the Texan colonists were songs from their hometowns or ones that they heard along their journey. A rather famous song from the revolution was "The Yellow Rose of Texas"

Industrial Revolution

During the Antebellum period the industrial revolution started the transformation into the world we know today. Many new technologies and ideas came about such as interchangeable parts, the factory system, and water power. It's iconically remembered by "Lowell's girls", the first large scale women workforce in the United States. For this event I chose the song known as "Song of the Spinners". It was published In a magazine often read by the young girls who worked in textile mills. It was meant to inspire hard work amongst them and was often sung by the older ones to the younger as they worked. The link below is a link to a copy if this music... http://herb.ashp.cuny.edu/archive/files/song-of-the-spinners_6b8a6674b0.pdf

2nd Great Awakening

The second Great Awakening was a religious movement that swept through the western frontier and all throughout the northeastern part of the US. The new reforms sprouting every where and the industrial revolution helped push this religious movement forward with ideas of equality and democracy. Any hymn from this time period is an accurate expression of what music was listened to during the mass town meeting where religous speakers came to give sermons.

Bibliography


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"Andrew Jackson." Photos/Illustrations. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.


"Trail of Tears (Lindneux)." Photos/Illustrations. Native Stock Pictures. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 9 Nov. 2014.


"Trail of Tears." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.


Compton, Dave. "Texas." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.


"Colonization in Texas, 1820s-1830s." Map. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.


Kaplan, Richard. "Second Great Awakening." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.


"Camp revival meeting." Photos/Illustrations. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.


"American Industrial Revolution." Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. History: War. Detroit: Gale, 2009. Student Resources in Context. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.


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Marshall, Jim. "Industrial Revolution." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.