Manifest Destiny

Allison Thomas, Michaela Gray,

The Indian Removal Act

The Indian Removal act was issued in 1830 & it allowed Jackson to mediate removal treaties with the native American tribes such as the Cherokee, Choctaw, Creek, Seminole, & the Chickasaw. The overall goal of the removal act was to remove all of the native Americans to make way for expansion. These treaties would have safely removed the natives across the Mississippi & onto federally protected lands, in which the natives didn't agree upon. The natives chose to stay & protect their territories. With not signing the treaties, they were forced to become American citizens. The tribes of Choctaw and Chicksaw eventually peacefully accepted the Indian Removal act & immediately relocated. However, the remaining three tribes, the Seminole, Creek, & the Cherokee refused to move without fighting for their territories. The Creeks were actually given land in Alabama only to have Jackson drive them across the Mississippi with military force in 1836. The Seminoles declared that the Indian Removal Act was illegal & they fought for over 10 years, but by the 3rd war, they eventually relocated. The tribes traveled over 1,200 miles to the Mississippi, where they crossed it onto federally protected lands. The long journey was called the Trail of Tears, where an estimated 5,000 Indians died due to whooping cough, typhus, dysentery, cholera, and starvation.
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The Homestead Act

The Homestead Act was established on May 20, 1862. Abraham Lincoln was the president at the time. The purpose of the act was to have people cultivate the land. Only people that have never bore arms to the USA could apply to get land. Once they have applied, the people had five years to improve the land before the government “checked up” on them to see how they were doing. The government considered it improved if you have grown crops and built a homestead that was 12 by 14.

After the five years, the people could apply for a title on the land. Once they have been approved, they had to pay a small registration fee. While the five years of cultivating the land was difficult, about 6 months into the act the railroads came which eased the burden by a lot.


Manifest destiny is a term for the attitude prevalent during the 19th century period of American expansion that the U.S. not only could, but was destined to stretch from coast to coast. This attitude helped fuel western settlement, native American removal and war with México.

Advocates of manifest destiny believed that expansion was not only wise but that it was readily apparent (manifest) and inexorable (destiny). Native Americans weren't very happy about it due to the fact they were being kicked out of their home by the white men. Killing all their buffalo and taking over their homes and didn't really sit right with the native Americans.



1. Richards, Adam. "Indian Removal Act of 1830." N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Sept. 2015.

2. "Trail of Tears." A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 05 Sept. 2015.

3."The Homestead Act of 1862." National Archives and Records Administration. National Archives and Records Administration, n.d. Web. 08 Sept. 2015.