The Scientific Revolution

Dhruv Patel

Impact of New Science on philosophy

The term scientific revolution describes as a period of intellect, discovery, and learning. The scientific revolution left behind knowledge which would have not been otherwise discovered until many years later. The intellectual revolution has a more enduring affect compared to a political revolution. A political revolution only effects the population in that given country and is slow and not as long lasting . An intellectual revolution allows the people of the future benefit from past discoveries. An intellectual revolution is much longer and has more of a profound effect.

Women and the Scientific Revolution

Most of the men who were scientists would have been to a university, and universities did not admit women and that's why there weren't many women who were fully involved in the revolution. (though only a small number of men would have been able to go to university at this time). The thought process of the period was that an education would be wasted if given to a woman. Also during the era of the scientific revolution women did not have equal rights compared to men. Women might receive a private education, and women who were members of a scientific family or a family that supported science might be educated in science.

Religion and Science

Religion and Science were OK to a certain point, but when science and religion started to contradict each other than that's were conflict and problems started. The factors leading to the condemnation of Galileo was the fact that he openly accused the church of begin incorrect with their teachings. Galileo’s heliocentric theory questioned the Catholic Church’s teachings. Pascal sought to reconcile faith and reason by formulating Pascal’s Wager.He tried to use reason to contribute to the teachings of faith. English natural theology supported economic expansion. The belief of English natural theology was that god had placed humans onto earth to learn and discover. People thought human beings were meant to improve the world. This belief provided religious justification of the economic improvement of the western world.

Witchcraft and Witch-Hunts in the Revolution

Very few were educated and the majority couldn't understand the new ideas happening during this time period. Many still held a lot of old superstitious beliefs and some felt new science and ideas went against the Church and was therefore of the devil. Protestants and Catholics denounced each other as followers of Satan, and people could be imprisoned for attending the wrong church, or for not attending any. Along with moral panic people needed scapegoats to blame these problems on.

Social Setting of Early Modern Science

Thomas Hobbes believed that rulers should be absolute and unlimited in their power. Once established as authority he didn't think that resistance and protesting should exist. He believed absolute authority should be left for monarchs or legislative and that once it was granted the people shouldn't complain. John Locke was the opposite, he founded liberal politics because he believed that rulers failed to preserve freedom and absolute rule would enslave them. Political authority should preserve rights, liberty and property of those being governed.He thought that rulers should be trusted, responsible and responsive but if they weren't they should be replaced which could be done through rebellion.Their views on human nature were also different. Hobbes thought that humans were self-centered creatures lacking a master and that they were constantly haunted by fear of destruction and death.The only way to escape this was through a political contract, where people would be ruled by a recognized authority and set aside personal rights in order to have peace. Locke believed that natural human state was that of perfect freedom and equality that everyone could enjoy. He also thought of humans as creatures of reason and basic good will in which they wanted peace. I would prefer to live under John Lockes government which is one of limited authority. His laws of life and liberty are established in our Constitution in which he influenced. The freedom we're granted keeps are nation strong but if we were ruled under Hobbes government then we would feel imprisoned
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