The Scientific Revolution
Copernicus found the concept of a heliocentric solar system, in which the sun, not the Earth, is the center of the solar system.
He developed the universal law of acceleration, which all objects in the universe obeyed. Galileo expressed openly his support of the Copernican theory that the earth and planets revolved around the sun. I think he mad the most important contributions because his discoveries and inventions we understand much more about the universe.
He was known for his promotion of the scientific method. Bacon's new scientific method involved gathering data, analyzing it and performing experiments to observe the truths in an organized way.
He discovered that the Earth and planets travel about the sun in elliptical orbits. He gave three fundamental laws of planetary motion. He also did important work in optics and geometry.
Sir Isaac Newton
He described universal gravitation and the three laws of motion. His theory on universal gravitation also helped to prove heliocentrism
Brahe made some of the most accurate observations of the moon, planets, and stars in history. He created detailed mathematical tables that astronomers used for centuries
Sir Isaac Newton
Impact of New Science on philosophy
Women and the Scientific Revolution
Religion and Science
Religion and Science were OK to a certain point, but when science and religion started to contradict each other than that's were conflict and problems started. The factors leading to the condemnation of Galileo was the fact that he openly accused the church of begin incorrect with their teachings. Galileo’s heliocentric theory questioned the Catholic Church’s teachings. Pascal sought to reconcile faith and reason by formulating Pascal’s Wager.He tried to use reason to contribute to the teachings of faith. English natural theology supported economic expansion. The belief of English natural theology was that god had placed humans onto earth to learn and discover. People thought human beings were meant to improve the world. This belief provided religious justification of the economic improvement of the western world.
Witchcraft and Witch-Hunts in the Revolution
Very few were educated and the majority couldn't understand the new ideas happening during this time period. Many still held a lot of old superstitious beliefs and some felt new science and ideas went against the Church and was therefore of the devil. Protestants and Catholics denounced each other as followers of Satan, and people could be imprisoned for attending the wrong church, or for not attending any. Along with moral panic people needed scapegoats to blame these problems on.